Retos en la Identificación de los Alumnos Superdotados: cuestiones relacionadas con la Evaluación Psicológica

Autores/as

  • Leandro S. Almeida Universidade do Minho
  • Alexandra M. Araújo Portucalense University
  • Marta Sainz-Gómez Universidad de Murcia
  • Maria-Dolores Prieto Universidad de Murcia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.259311
Palabras clave: superdotación, altas habilidades, talentos, evaluación, identificación

Resumen

Este artículo analiza los temas relacionados con la identificación de los estudiantes superdotados y recoge algunas recomendaciones específicas sobre medidas educativas, con el fin de responder a la diversidad de estos estudiantes. se plantean las dificultades más comunes relacionadas con la evaluación psicológica de estos estudiantes, entre ellas la falta de instrumentos adecuados para la evaluación de las múltiples dimensiones de la superdotación y el talento, así como, la falta de formación que tienen los profesionales para esta identificación.

Con respecto a estas dificultades, se describen algunos procedimientos de evaluación con el fin de asegurar mayores niveles de objetividad y validez de los datos, lo que reduce la posibilidad de falsos positivos y falsos negativos en la identificación de estos estudiantes. Además de las pruebas psicológicas, se presentan las ventajas del uso de diferentes fuentes de información y la contribución de los distintos profesionales y padres para esta evaluación. Por otro lado, es importante llevar a cabo la evaluación de los estudiantes superdotados por fases, incluyendo una fase de evaluación inicial (screening), seguida de la fase de diagnóstico o identificación; y la fase final, orientada a atender a la diversidad de estos estudiantes. Por último, se presentan algunas sugerencias para el avance en la identificación y evaluación de la superdotación, como un medio para apoyar el desarrollo de la investigación en este área.

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Citas

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Publicado
28-07-2016
Cómo citar
Almeida, L. S., Araújo, A. M., Sainz-Gómez, M., & Prieto, M.-D. (2016). Retos en la Identificación de los Alumnos Superdotados: cuestiones relacionadas con la Evaluación Psicológica. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(3), 621–627. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.259311
Número
Sección
Tema monográfico: Altas Habilidades (superdotación y talento)