Risk factors associated with the violence against women in couples: a review of meta-analyzes and recent studies

  • Alicia Puente- Martínez Universidad del País Vasco. Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Avenida Tolosa 70, 20018 San Sebastián. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5534-604X
  • Silvia Ubillos-Landa Departamento de las ciencias de la Educación. Universidad de Burgos (UBU) http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4852-8018
  • Enrique Echeburúa Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU
  • Darío Páez-Rovira Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU
Keywords: Gender violence, victim, aggressor, risk factor

Abstract

The aim of this study was to conduct a complementary to current and recent meta-analysis of risk factors to intimate partner violence literature review. This work confirms that on community-level, low economic development and democracy, lack of social rights, culture of honor and masculine culture – characterized by sexist attitudes and tolerance to violence- are risk factors. On contextual and individual level, being younger, having a low income and low education level, having more than one child, using violence reciprocally against ones partner, depression, fear and alcohol consumption are associated with increased risk of being a victim of intimate violence. Less consistency, are risk factors, situations of war, religious fundamentalism, being in a long term relationship, lower relationship satisfaction, emotions such as guilt, shame and other factors such as pregnancy.

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Author Biographies

Alicia Puente- Martínez, Universidad del País Vasco. Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Avenida Tolosa 70, 20018 San Sebastián.

Personal investigador contratado PIF-UPVEHU2012. Pertenece al GRUPO CONSOLIDADO DE LA UPV/EHU GCCE (Cognición Cultura y Emoción).

Silvia Ubillos-Landa, Departamento de las ciencias de la Educación. Universidad de Burgos (UBU)
Doctora profesora titular. Departamento de las ciencias de la Educación. Personal externo Grupo Consolidado Cultura ,Cognición y Emoción (GCCE)
Enrique Echeburúa, Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU
Catedrático en Psicología Clínica en la Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU. Departamento de Evaluciaón, Personalidad y Tratamiento Psicológico.
Darío Páez-Rovira, Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU
Catedrático en Psicología Social de la Universidad del País Vasco UPV-EHU. Investigador Principal Grupo Consolidado Cultura, Cognición y Emoción (GCCE)

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Published
25-12-2015
How to Cite
Puente- Martínez, A., Ubillos-Landa, S., Echeburúa, E., & Páez-Rovira, D. (2015). Risk factors associated with the violence against women in couples: a review of meta-analyzes and recent studies. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 295-306. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.189161
Section
Psychology and professional practice