La Dating violence (DV): a systematic meta-analysis review

  • Marcela Gracia-Leiva Universidad del País Vasco (UPV)
  • Alicia Puente-Martínez Universidad del País Vasco (UPV)
  • Silvia Ubillos-Landa Universidad de Burgos (UBU)
  • Darío Páez-Rovira Universidad del País Vasco (UPV)
Keywords: Dating violence, Meta-review, Socioecological model, Risk and protective factors


This study summarizes the results of meta-analyses about risk and protective factors related to dating violence (DV). Fifteen studies were included from 1997 to 2018, N = 1784018. The results were classified according to ecological theory. The Zr’s were calculated for each factor and level of analyses, including the differences between victimization and perpetration effect sizes. According to the level of analysis, results showed that the effect sizes were greater for: (1) individual level: cigarette smoking, adolescent pregnancy (victimization) and sex (perpetration/victimization); (2) microsystem: peer sexual harassment, (victimization), peer DV, deviant peers and family violence (perpetration/ victimization); (3) Exosystem: age (victimization) and violent neighborhoods (perpetration/ victimization), and (4) macrosystem: cultural minority and disadvantaged neighborhoods (perpetration / victimization). DV protective factors which had lowest effect sizes were: parental and peers support; and highest effect sizes were in the exo and macro-level, and then in individual and micro-level. Furthermore, statistically significant differences between total effect sizes were found, being higher to victimization than perpetration. Delimiting the most important risk and protective factors on DV have important implications for prevention and intervention.


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Author Biographies

Marcela Gracia-Leiva, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV)
Doctoranda del Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Facultad de Psicología Universidad del País Vasco. Becaria CONICYT- BECAS CHILE/2017.
Alicia Puente-Martínez, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV)

Doctora en Psicología.
Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento.Facultad de Psicología Universidad del País Vasco.

Silvia Ubillos-Landa, Universidad de Burgos (UBU)

Profesora Titular del Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud.
Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Universidad de Burgos.

Darío Páez-Rovira, Universidad del País Vasco (UPV)

Profesor Catedrático de Psicología Social.
Departamento de Psicología Social y Metodología de las Ciencias del Comportamiento. Facultad de Psicología Universidad del País Vasco.


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How to Cite
Gracia-Leiva, M., Puente-Martínez, A., Ubillos-Landa, S., & Páez-Rovira, D. (2019). La Dating violence (DV): a systematic meta-analysis review. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(2), 300-313.
Social and Organizational Psychology