Mujeres violentas y/o delincuentes: una visión desde la perspectiva biopsicosocial

Autores/as

  • Virginia Soldino
  • Ángel Romero-Martínez DEPARTAMENTO DE PSICOBIOLOGÍA, FACULTAT PSICOLOGIA, UNIVERSITAT DE VALÈNCIA, AVENIDA BLASCO IBÁÑEZ, 21, 46010, VALENCIA
  • Luis Moya-Albiol DEPARTAMENTO DE PSICOBIOLOGÍA, FACULTAT PSICOLOGIA, UNIVERSITAT DE VALÈNCIA, AVENIDA BLASCO IBÁÑEZ, 21, 46010, VALENCIA
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.182111
Palabras clave: Delincuencia, Marcadores psicobiológicos, Mujeres, Sustancias de abuso, Violencia.

Resumen

La violencia y/o delincuencia en mujeres ha estado enmascarada en cierta medida por la sociedad. Por ello, el objetivo fundamental de este trabajo es analizar en profundidad los trabajos publicados al respecto, con el fin de comprender dicho fenómeno desde una perspectiva biopsicosocial. En primer lugar, se analizará el perfil psicológico de la mujer violenta, así como su ‘modus operandi’. En segundo lugar, nos centraremos en la teoría sobre el ciclo de la violencia en mujeres. Posteriormente, se expondrá la relación existente entre el consumo de drogas y la violencia en mujeres. Tras ello, se describirán los correlatos biológicos implicados en este tipo de violencia y, finalmente, se abordará la reincidencia y la prevención de estos comportamientos. Los principales factores de riesgo para la facilitación de la violencia y/o delincuencia en mujeres son las experiencias de maltrato durante la infancia y el consumo de drogas. Además, niveles altos de cortisol y testosterona y bajos de serotonina y oxitocina, subyacerían a dicha violencia. Al tratarse de un problema complejo y poco estudiado se hace necesario aumentar el cuerpo de conocimientos en dicha temática, con el objetivo de desarrollar programas de tratamiento y/o prevención efectivos.

 

 

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Publicado
25-12-2015
Cómo citar
Soldino, V., Romero-Martínez, Ángel, & Moya-Albiol, L. (2015). Mujeres violentas y/o delincuentes: una visión desde la perspectiva biopsicosocial. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 279-287. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.182111
Número
Sección
Psicobiología