Efecto del tratamiento sobre la reincidencia de delincuentes sexuales: un meta-análisis.

Autores/as

  • Virginia Soldino Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Criminología y Ciencias Penales. Universidad de Valencia. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5863-3423
  • Enrique José Carbonell-Vayá Instituto Universitario de Investigación en Criminología y Ciencias Penales. Universidad de Valencia.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.3.267961
Palabras clave: Delincuentes sexuales, Tratamiento, Reincidencia, Meta-análisis.

Resumen

Este meta-análisis tiene por objetivo medir el efecto del tratamiento en delincuentes sexuales. Tras una revision sistemática de la literature reciente, fueron seleccionados diecisiete estudios, contando con una muestra tota de 6,681 delincuentes sexuales. Las tasas de reincidencia sexual (13.12% vs. 17.94%), violenta ─incluyendo la sexual─ (25.5% vs. 29.1%) y general ─cualquier tipo de reincidencia─ (46.53% vs. 52.41%) de los delincuentes tratados fueron inferiores a las de los grupos control. Se evidenció la eficacia del tratamiento en la reducción de las tasas de reincidencia sexual (OR = .69; p < .05) y general (OR = .66; p < .05) de los sujetos tratados, pero no en las tasas de reincidencia violenta. Estos resultados confirman la capacidad de los tratamientos psicológicos para reducir el riesgo de reincidencia sexual y general de los delincuentes sexuales. No obstante, la interpretación de tales resultados requiere cautela, pues el análisis independiente de los estudios con buena calidad metodológica no mostró efectos significativos del tratamiento. La necesidad de nuevos y mejores estudios resulta evidente, especialmente en Europa.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

*Abracen, J., Looman, J., Ferguson, M., Harkins, L., & Mailloux, D. (2011). Recidivism among treated sexual offenders and comparison subjects: Recent outcome data from the Regional Treatment Centre (Ontario) high-intensity Sex Offender Treatment Programme. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 17(2), 142-152. doi:10.1080/13552600903511980

Andrés-Pueyo, A., & Redondo-Illescas, S. (2007). La predicción de la violencia: entre la peligrosidad y la valoración del riesgo de violencia. Papeles del Psicólogo, 28(3), 157-173.

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2010). The psychology of criminal conduct (5ª ed.). New Providence, New Jersey: LexisNexis Matthew Bender.

*Borduin, C. M., Schaeffer, C. M., & Heiblum, N. (2009). A randomized clinical trial of multisystemic therapy with juvenile sexual offenders: effects on youth social ecology and criminal activity. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(1), 26-37. doi:10.1037/a0013035

Borenstein, M., Hedges, L. V., Higgins, J. P. T., & Rothstein, H. R. (2009). Introduction to meta-analysis. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley.

Borenstein, M., Hedges, L. V., Higgins, J. P. T., & Rothstein, H. R. (2010). A basic introduction to fixed effect and random effects models for meta-analysis. Research Synthesis Methods, 1, 97-111.

Brouillette-Alarie, S., Babchishin, K. M., Hanson, R. K., & Helmus, L. M. (2016). Latent constructs of static risk scales for the prediction of sexual recidivism: A 3-factor solution. Assessment, 23(1), 96-111. doi:10.1177/1073191114568114

Collaborative Outcome Data Committee. (2007). The Collaborative Outcome Data Committee’s guidelines for the evaluation of sexual offender treatment outcome research Part 2: CODC guidelines. Ottawa, Canada: Public Safety Canada. Retrieved from http://www.publicsafety.gc.ca/res/cor/rep/codc-eng.aspx

Cohen, J. (1960). A coefficient of agreement for nominal scales. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 20(1), 37–46. doi:10.1177/001316446002000104

*Craissati, J., South, R., & Bierer, K. (2009). Exploring the effectiveness of community sex offender treatment in relation to risk and re-offending. Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology, 20(6), 769-784. doi:10.1080/14789940903174105

Dennis, J. A., Khan, O., Ferriter, M., Huband, N., Powney, M. J., & Duggan, C. (2012). Psychological interventions for adults who have sexually offended or are at risk of offending. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 12 (Art. No. CD007507). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007507.pub2

Duggan, C., & Dennis, J. (2014). The place of evidence in the treatment of sex offenders. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 24, 153-162. doi:10.1002/cbm.1904

*Duwe, G. (2013). Can Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) work in the United States? Preliminary results from a randomized experiment in Minnesota. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, 25(2), 143-165. doi:10.1177/1079063212453942

*Duwe, G., & Goldman, R. A. (2009). The impact of prison-based treatment on sex offender recidivism: Evidence from Minnesota. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21(3), 279-307. doi:10.1177/1079063209338490

Garrido, V., & Beneyto, M.J. (1996). El control de la agresión sexual. Un programa de tratamiento para delincuentes sexuales en prisión y en la comunidad. Valencia: Ed. Cristóbal Serrano Villalba.

Grønnerød, C., Grønnerød, J. S., & Grøndahl, P. (2015). Psychological treatment of sexual offenders against children: A meta-analytic review of treatment outcome studies. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 16(3), 280-290. doi:10.1177/1524838014526043

Hanson, R. K., Bourgon, G., Helmus, L., & Hodgson, S. (2009). The principles of effective correctional treatment also apply to sexual offenders: A meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36(9), 865-891. doi:10.1177/0093854809338545

*Hanson, R. K., Broom, I., & Stephenson, M. (2004). Evaluating community sex offender treatment programs: A 12-year follow-up of 724 offenders. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 36(2), 87-96. doi:10.1037/h0087220

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. E. (2005). The characteristics of persistent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(6), 1154-1163

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. E. (2009). The accuracy of recidivism risk assessments for sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of 118 prediction studies. Psychological Assessment, 21(1), 1–21. doi:10.1037/a0014421

Hanson, R. K., & Yates, P. M. (2013). Psychological Treatment of Sex Offenders. Current Psychiatry Reports, 15(3), 348.

*Harkins, L. (2004). Recidivism and within-treatment change among treated sex offenders and matched comparison subjects. Masters Abstracts International, 43(3), 993 (UMI No. MQ95168).

Hedges, L. V., & Vevea, J. L. (1998). Fixed-and random-effects models in meta-analysis. Psychological methods, 3(4), 486-504.

Henggeler, S. W., Letourneau, E. J., Chapman, J. E., Borduin, C. M., Schewe, P. A., & McCart, M. R. (2009a). Mediators of change for multisystemic therapy with juvenile sexual offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77(3), 451-462. doi:10.1037/a0013971

Henggeler, S. W., Schoenwald, S. K., Borduin, C. M., Rowland, M. D., & Cunningham, P. B. (2009b). Multisystemic treatment of antisocial behavior in children and adolescents (2ª ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Herrero, O. (2013). ¿Por qué no reincide la mayoría de los agresores sexuales? Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 23, 71-77. doi:10.5093/aj2013a11

Herrero, O., Negredo, L., Lila, M., García, A., Pedrón, V., & Terreros, E. (2015). Fuera de la Red: Programa de Intervención frente a la delincuencia sexual con menores en la Red. Ministerio del Interior. Secretaría General Técnica.

Higgins, J. P. T., & Green, S. (2011). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0. The Cochrane Collaboration. Retrieved from http://handbook.cochrane.org

Hopewell S., McDonald S., Clarke M. J., Egger M. (2007). Grey literature in meta-analyses of randomized trials of health care interventions. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2. Art. No.: MR000010. doi:10.1002/14651858.MR000010.pub3.

Kim, B., Benekos, P. J., & Merlo, A. V. (2016). Sex Offender Recidivism Revisited: Review of Recent Meta-analyses on the Effects of Sex Offender Treatment. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 17(1), 105-117. doi: 10.1177/1524838014566719

*Lambie, I., & Stewart, M. W. (2012). Community solutions for the community’s problem: an evaluation of three New Zealand community-based treatment programs for child sexual offenders. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 56(7), 1022-1036. doi:10.1177/0306624X11420099

Lösel, F., & Schmucker, M. (2005). The effectiveness of treatment for sexual offenders: A comprehensive meta-analysis. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 1(1), 117-146. doi:10.1007/s11292-004-6466-7

*Marques, J. K., Wiederanders, M., Day, D. M., Nelson, C., & Van Ommeren, A. (2005). Effects of a relapse prevention program on sexual recidivism: Final results from California’s Sex Offender Treatment and Evaluation Project (SOTEP). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 17(1), 79-107. doi:10.1177/107906320501700108

Marshall, W. L., & Marshall, L. E. (2007). The Utility of the Random Controlled Trial for Evaluating Sexual Offender Treatment: The Gold Standard or an Inappropriate Strategy? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 19, 175-191. doi:10.1177/107906320701900207

Marshall, W. L., & Marshall, L. E. (2014). Psychological treatment of sex offenders: Recent innovations. Sexual Deviation: Assessment and Treatment, 37(2), 163-171. doi:10.1016/j.psc.2014.03.006

Middleton, D., Mandeville-Norden, R., & Hayes, E. (2009). Does treatment work with Internet sex offenders? Emerging findings from the Internet Sex Offender Treatment Programme (i-SOTP). Journal of Sexual Aggression, 15(1), 5-19. doi:10.1080/13552600802673444

Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational interviewing: Preparing people for change (2ª ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

*Olver, M. E., Nicholaichuk, T. P., Gu, D., & Wong, S. C. (2012). Sex offender treatment outcome, actuarial risk, and the aging sex offender in Canadian corrections: A long-term follow-up. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 25(4), 396-422. doi:10.1177/1079063212464399

*Olver, M. E., Wong, S. C., & Nicholaichuk, T. P. (2009). Outcome evaluation of a high-intensity inpatient sex offender treatment program. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(3), 522-536. doi:10.1177/0886260508317196

*Redondo-Illescas, S. (2006). ¿Sirve el tratamiento para rehabilitar a los delincuentes sexuales? Revista Española De Investigación Criminológica, 4(6), 1-22.

*Redondo-Illescas, S., & Garrido-Genovés, V. (2008). Efficacy of a psychological treatment for sex offenders. Psicothema, 20(1), 4-9.

Reitzel, L. R., & Carbonell, J. L. (2006). The effectiveness of sexual offender treatment for juveniles as measured by recidivism: A meta-analysis. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 18(4), 401-421. doi:10.1177/107906320601800407

Rivera-González, G., Romero-Quintana, M. C., Labrador-Muñoz, M. A., & Serrano-Sáiz, J. (2006). El control de la Agresión sexual: programa de intervención en el medio penitenciario. Manual del terapeuta. Ministerio del Interior. Secretaría General Técnica.

Schmucker, M., & Lösel, F. (2008). Does sexual offender treatment work? A systematic review of outcome evaluations. Psicothema, 20(1), 10-19.

Schmucker, M., & Lösel, F. (2015). The effects of sexual offender treatment on recidivism: An international meta-analysis of sound quality evaluations. Journal of Experimental Criminology, 11(4), 597-630. doi:10.1007/s11292-015-9241-z

Seto et al. (2008). Good Science and Progress in Sex Offender Treatment Are Intertwined: A Response to Marshall and Marshall (2007). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 20(3), 247-255. doi:10.1177/1079063208317733

Sherman, L., Gottfredson, D., MacKenzie, D., Eck, J., Reuter, P., & Bushway, S. (1997). Preventing crime: What works, what doesn’t, what’s promising. Report to the U.S. Congress. Washington, DC.

*Smid, W. J., Kamphuis, J. H., Wever, E. C., & Van Beek, D. J. (2014). A quasi-experimental evaluation of high-intensity inpatient sex offender treatment in the Netherlands. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 28(5), 469-85. doi:10.1177/1079063214535817

Smid, W. J., Kamphuis, J. H., Wever, E. C., & Verbruggen, M. C. (2015). Risk levels, treatment duration, and drop out in a clinically composed outpatient sex offender treatment group. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 30(5), 727-743. doi:10.1177/0886260514536276

Soldino, V., & Carbonell-Vayá, E. J. (2016). Aspectos criminológicos de los delitos de pornografía infantil. In R. Arce, B. G. Amado, & M. Vilariño (Eds.), IX Congreso Internacional de Psicología Jurídica y Forense. Libro de actas. (p. 239-242). Santiago de Compostela: Sociedad Española de Psicología Jurídica y Forense.

*Ternowski, D. R. (2004). Sex offender treatment: An evaluation of the Stave Lake Correctional Centre Program. Dissertation Abstracts International, 66(6), 3428B. (UMI No. NR03201).

Valencia, O. L., Andreu, J. M., Mínguez, P., & Labrador, M. A. (2008). Nivel de reincidencia en agresores sexuales bajo tratamiento en programas de Control de la Agresión Sexual. Psicopatología Clínica Legal y Forense, 8, 7-18.

Ward, T. (2010). The Good Lives Model of offender rehabilitation: Basic assumptions, etiological commitments, and practice implications. In F. McNeil, P. Raynor, & C. Trotter (Eds.), Offender supervision: New directions in theory, research and practice (pp. 41-64). New York, NY: Willan.

*Wilson, R. J., Picheca, J. E., & Prinzo, M. (2005). Circles of Support & Accountability: An evaluation of the pilot project in South-Central Ontario. (User Report R-168). Ottawa: Correctional Service Canada.

*Worling, J. R., Litteljohn, A., & Bookalam, D. (2010). 20-Year prospective follow-up study of specialized treatment for adolescents who offended sexually. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 46-57. doi:10.1002/bsl.912

Yates, P. M. (2013). Treatment of Sexual Offenders: Research, Best Practices, and Emerging Models. International Journal of Behavioral and Consultation Therapy, 8(3-4), 89-95.

*Zgoba, K. M., & Levenson, J. (2008). Variations in the recidivism of treated and nontreated sexual offenders in New Jersey: An examination of three time frames. Victims & Offenders, 3(1), 10-30. doi:10.1080/15564880701751639

*Zgoba, K. M., & Simon, L. M. J. (2005). Recidivism rates of sexual offenders up to 7 years later: Does treatment matter? Criminal Justice Review, 30(2), 155-173. doi:10.1177/0734016805284146

Publicado
21-07-2017
Cómo citar
Soldino, V., & Carbonell-Vayá, E. J. (2017). Efecto del tratamiento sobre la reincidencia de delincuentes sexuales: un meta-análisis. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 33(3), 578-588. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.33.3.267961
Número
Sección
Psicología clínica y de la salud

Artículos más leídos del mismo autor/a