INTERPRETACIÓN Y CRÍTICA DEL MITO EN LOS PRIMEROS FILÓSOFOS GRIEGOS

  • José García López

Resumen

In this lecture the author stars froiri the point of view and the personal conviction that Myth and Religion among the Greeks were so closely interrelated that we cannot understand one without the other. On the basis of this assumption Hesiod is examined as the first Greek philosopher-interpreter of the Myth, because he looks for the truth of his doctrine and enquires into the philosophical principle and the structure of the universe. After studying the philosophers of Miletus, the author analyses the strong criticism of Xenophanes in relation to the mythical gods in Homer and Hesiod. The origins of the allegorical interpretation in Greece and the theories of Empedocles take up the central part of the lecture, wich concludes with an epilogue about the sophistic criticism of the Gods of Greek Myth and Religion.
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