Referees’ Emotions and Performance Perception: The Importance of Stress and Cognitive Appraisal

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.468751
Palabras clave: Factores cognitivos, Presión, Fútbol, Adaptación humana

Resumen

The tasks referees must perform are both complex and very important, and are usually associated with high levels of stress. In this study, we aimed to understand the role of stress and cognitive appraisal on referees’ emotions and sports performance perception before the realization of a game. We adopted a critical incident methodology to understand how referees adapt to the stress related to their next game. The study included 708 football referees (646 males), aged between 18 and 53 (M = 26.81; SD = 7.32). We evaluated sources of stress, cognitive appraisal, emotions, and perception of individual performance. Regression analyses pointed out that stress was a main predictor of negative emotions, cognitive appraisal was a predictor of both negative and positive emotions, and that cognitive appraisal also contributed to comprehend the perception of individual performance. In sum, stress and appraisal are important factors to understand the stress experience of referees.

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Biografía del autor/a

Liliana Fontes, Universidade do Minho

Liliana Magalhães Campos Fontes Adaptation, Performance, and Human Development Research Group. School of Psychology. University of Minho. Braga, Portugal. liliana.magalhaes2@gmail.com 0000-0002-6726-2254  

António Rui da Silva Gomes, University of Minho. Braga, Portugal.

António Rui da Silva Gomes Adaptation, Performance, and Human Development Research Group. School of Psychology. University of Minho. Braga, Portugal. rgomes@psi.uminho.pt 0000-0002-6390-9866

Rui Manuel  Coelho Resende da Silva, University Institute of Maia. Portugal.

Rui Manuel Coelho Resende da Silva Life Quality Research Centre. University Institute of Maia. Portugal. rresende@ismai.pt 0000-0003-4314-0743

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Publicado
10-04-2022
Cómo citar
Canedo Nogueira, D. F., Fontes, L., da Silva Gomes, A. R. ., & Coelho Resende da Silva, R. M. (2022). Referees’ Emotions and Performance Perception: The Importance of Stress and Cognitive Appraisal. Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 22(2), 156–170. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.468751
Número
Sección
Psicología del Deporte