Insatisfacción corporal en mujeres universitarias: nuevas evidencias psicométricas del Body Shape Questionnaire de 14 ítems (BSQ-14)

Autores/as

  • Stefania Izquierdo-Cardenas Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas
  • Tomás Caycho-Rodríguez Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Privada del Norte
  • Miguel Barboza-Palomino Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Privada del Norte
  • Mario Alexander Reyes-Bossio Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas - UPC https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4655-1927
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.432521
Palabras clave: insatisfacción corporal, jóvenes universitarias, validez, confiabilidad

Resumen

En los últimos años, las jóvenes universitarias vienen experimentado una mayor preocupación por el aspecto corporal que está relacionado con tener una figura esbelta. En este sentido, es importante disponer de herramientas para medir la insatisfacción que pueden tener con su aspecto corporal. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar las propiedades psicométricas del Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ-14). Específicamente, evaluar la estructura interna del BSQ-14, la consistencia interna del modelo, la evidencia de validez discriminante con base en las correlaciones del puntaje promedio del BSQ-14 con una medida de mindfulness y la invarianza del modelo del BSQ-14, considerando la variable de realización de actividades físicas.  Participaron 402 jóvenes universitarias de Lima Metropolitana, con una edad promedio de 20.05 años (DE= 18.18). Se administró una batería de pruebas que incluía el BSQ-14 y Mindful Attention  Awareness Scale (MASS-5). Los resultados indican que la estructura unidimensional del BSQ-14 presentó un buen ajuste (χ²= 571.420; CFI= 0.962; SRMR= 0.051) y una adecuada fiabilidad por el método de consistencia interna (ω = 0.962). Asimismo, el BSQ-14 mostró correlaciones negativas con el Mindfulness y la satisfacción corporal. Se demostró que el BSQ-14 es invariante entre mujeres universitarias que realizan o no ejercicio físico. Se concluye que el estudio brinda resultados que respaldan el uso del BSQ-14 para medir la insatisfacción corporal con evidencias de validez y fiabilidad en una muestra de jóvenes universitarias de Lima Metropolitana.

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Biografía del autor/a

Mario Alexander Reyes-Bossio, Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas - UPC

correo:mario.reyes@upc.pe

 

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Publicado
20-04-2021
Cómo citar
Izquierdo-Cardenas, S. ., Caycho-Rodríguez, T., Barboza-Palomino, M., & Reyes-Bossio, M. A. (2021). Insatisfacción corporal en mujeres universitarias: nuevas evidencias psicométricas del Body Shape Questionnaire de 14 ítems (BSQ-14) . Cuadernos de Psicología del Deporte, 21(2), 112–126. https://doi.org/10.6018/cpd.432521
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Psicología del Deporte