The efficacy of the old way/new way methodology on the correction of an automated technical error and its impact on the athlete’s psychological skills: case study in tennis

  • J. Lameiras
  • P. Lopes de Almeida
  • Alexandre Garcia Mas
Palabras clave: Old way/New way, automated technical error, psychological skills, case study, tennis.


The aim of this study was to evaluated the efficacy of the Old
Way/New Way methodology (Lyndon, 1989/2000) with regard to the permanent
correction of a consolidated and automated technical error experienced
by a tennis athlete (who is 18 years old and has been engaged in
practice mode for about 6 years) in the execution of serves. Additionally,
the study assessed the impact of intervention on the athlete’s psychological
skills. An individualized intervention was designed using strategies that
aimed to produce a) a detailed analysis of the error using video images;
b) an increased kinaesthetic awareness; c) a reactivation of memory error;
d) the discrimination and generalization of the correct motor action. The
athlete’s psychological skills were measured with a Portuguese version of
the Psychological Skills Inventory for Sports (Cruz & Viana, 1993). After
the intervention, the technical error was corrected with great efficacy and
an increase in the athlete’s psychological skills was verified. This study demonstrates
the methodology’s efficacy, which is consistent with the effects of
this type of intervention in different contexts.


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Psicología del Deporte