Psychometric properties and factor structure of the satisfaction with life scale in an elderly portuguese students sample.

Keywords: Satisfaction with life, loneliness, depression, validity and reliability


The main purpose of this study is to analyze the psychometric properties of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) in a 363 retirees students sample from several Portuguese universities. The 70% were female (253) and 30% were male (110) with an average age of 67 years (SD = 7.59) and a range from 48 to 90 years. R commander was used for Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Amos 18.0 module for Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). One factor solution was the best-fitting model. The internal consistency of the SWLS was .769. Correlational analysis showed negative relationships with loneliness (UCLA Scale) and symptoms of depression (15-GDS), supporting concurrent validity. The SWLS can be used with confidence in future research among elderly students to measure their life satisfaction. Some limitations of the results and its applications in other samples are discussed.


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Author Biographies

Yolanda López-Ramos, University of Valencia

Yolanda López Ramos holds a Master´s Degree in Psychogerontology and a Master's Degree in Social and Health Care in Dependency. She is currently working as a coordinator in the ageing area at the Association of Psychologists of Valencia. Yolanda has worked for the past seven years in different areas with the elderly. 

Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, University of Valencia

Esperanza Navarro-Pardo received her PhD in Psychology from the University of Valencia (UV); also she is a Specialist in Clinical Psychology. Since 2003 she is a professor in the Developmental Psychology Department (UV). Her interests in research concern aging particularly focused on frailty assessment and psychosocial and physical activity interventions.

Juan José Fernández Muñoz, University Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid

Juan Jose Fernández Muñoz holds a Ph.D. in Social Psychology and is a lecturer of Social Psychology at Rey Juan Carlos University from 2007. He has also been a visiting lecturer in Satakunta University in Finland. His main research interests are in the fields of Social Psychology: early retirement psychosocial processes, workaholism and methodology of behavior sciences.

Ricardo Filipe da Silva Pocinho, Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde de Coimbra, ESTEC

PhD in Psychogerontology in University of Valencia, Post Doctorate in Educational Sciences, Speciality in Permanent Education and Adult Education from University of Coimbra, PhD in Pedagogy from the University of Salamanca, Researcher at the Institute of Cognitive Psychology, Vocational and Social Development at University of Coimbra, collaborator at the interdisciplinary research and social intervention laboratory in Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in the Unit of Research and Adults and Seniors Training – Institute of Biomedical Sciences Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Teacher in Post-Graduation in Social Gerontology at College of Education of Coimbra.

Coordinator of Post Graduate in Management of Aging and Social Administration, President of the National Association of Social Gerontology. Editor of Ibero American Journal of Gerontology, writes, research and coordinates projects on education, society and aging.


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How to Cite
López-Ramos, Y., Navarro-Pardo, E., Fernández Muñoz, J. J., & da Silva Pocinho, R. F. (2017). Psychometric properties and factor structure of the satisfaction with life scale in an elderly portuguese students sample. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(1), 146-152.
Social and Organizational Psychology

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