Coping strategies as mediator variables between explanatory styles and depressive symptoms

  • Pilar Sanjuan UNED
  • Alejandro Magallares UNED
Keywords: negative explanatory style, enhancing explanatory style, depressive symptoms, problem solving coping, positive cognitive restructuring coping, avoidant coping

Abstract

The main goal of this study was to analyze the relationships among explanatory styles, coping strategies and depressive symptoms. Path analyses conducted with data of 234 individuals showed that Negative Explanatory Style (tendency to explain negative outcomes through internal, stable, and global causes) had both a positive direct effect on depressive symptoms, and an indirect effect on them through the use of avoidant strategies. On the contrary, Enhancing Explanatory Style (tendency to explain positive outcomes through internal, stable, and global causes) had negative direct and indirect effects on these symptoms, but in this case, the indirect effect occurs through the use of problem solving and positive cognitive restructuring coping and the non-use of avoidant strategies. As a whole, the results suggest that to prevent the onset of depressive symptoms or to reduce them once they appear, enhancing explanatory style and problem solving and positive cognitive restructuring strategies should be promoted.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abramson, L. Y., Seligman, M. E. P. & Teasdale, D .C. (1978). Learned helplessness in humans: Critique and reformulation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 87, 49-74.

Alloy, L. B., Abramson, L. Y., Whitehouse, W. G., Hogan, M. E., Panzarella, C. & Rose, D. T. (2006). Prospective incidence of first onsets and recurrences of depression in individuals at high and low cognitive risk for depression. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 115, 145-156.

Budge, S. & Adelson, J. (2013). Anxiety and depression in transgender individuals: The roles of transition status, loss, social support, and coping. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 81, 545-557.

Caparrós-Caparrós, B., Villar-Hoz, E., Juan-Ferrer, J. & Viñas-Poch, F. (2007). Symptom Check-List-90-R: fiabilidad, datos normativos y estructura factorial en estudiantes universitarios [Symptom Checklist-90-R: Psychometric properties in a representative sample of university students]. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 7, 781-794.

Carver, C., Scheier, M. & Weintraub, J. (1989). Assessing coping strategies: a theoretically based approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 56, 267-283.

Cheng, H. & Furnham, A. (2003). Attributional style and self-esteem as predictors of psychological well-being. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 16, 121-130.

Derogatis, L. R. (1977). SCL-90-R, administration, scoring and procedures. Manual for the R(evised) version. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine.

Folkman, S. & Moskowitz, J. (2000). Positive affect and the other side of coping. American Psychologist 55, 647-654.

Ho, S., Chan, M., Yau, T. & Yeung, R. (2011). Relationships between ex-planatory styles, posttraumatic growth and posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among Chinese breast cancer patients. Psychology and Health, 26, 269-285.

Kleiman, E., Miller, A. & Riskind, J. (2012). Enhancing attributional style as a protective factor in suicide. Journal of Affective Disorders, 143, 236-240.

Kline, R. B. (2011). Principles and practice of Structural Equation Modeling (3th Ed.). New York: Guilford Press.

Lazarus, R. (1999). Stress and Emotion: A new synthesis. New York: Springer.

Litman, J. & Lunsford, G. (2009). Frequency of use and impact of coping strategies assessed by the COPE Inventory and their relationships to post-event health and well-being. Journal of Health Psychology 14, 982-991.

Lo, C., Ho, S. & Hollon, S. (2010). The effects of rumination and depressive symptoms on the prediction of negative attributional style among college students. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34, 116-123.

Mikulincer, M. (1989). Causal attribution, coping strategies, and learned helplessness. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 13, 565-582.

Morán, C., Landero, R. & González, M. T. (2010). COPE-28: un análisis psicométrico de la versión en español del Brief COPE [COPE-28: A Psychometric Analysis of the Spanish Version of the Brief COPE]. Universitas Psychologica, 9, 543-552.

Peterson, C. & Bossio, L. M. (2001). Optimism and physical well-being. In E. C. Chang (Ed.), Optimism and pessimism: Implications for theory, research, and practice (pp.: 127-145). Washington, DC: APA.

Peterson, C., Semmel, A., Baeyer, C., Abramson, L.Y., Metalsky, G.I. & Seligman, M.E.P. (1982). The Attributional Style Questionnaire. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 6, 287-300.

Reilley, S., Geers, A., Lindsay, D., Dereonde, L. & Dember, W. (2005). Convergence and predictive validity in measures of optimism and pessimism: Sequential studies. Current Psychology, 24, 43-59.

Rueger, S. & Malecki, C. (2011). Effects of stress, attributional style and perceived parental support on depressive symptoms in early adolescence: A prospective analysis. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology 40, 347-359.

Sanjuán, P. & Magallares, A. (2009). A longitudinal study of the negative attributional style and attributions of uncontrollability as predictors of depressive symptoms. Personality and Individual Differences 46, 714-718.

Sanjuán, P., Magallares, A., González, J. L. & Pérez-García, A. (2013). Estudio de la validez de la versión española del cuestionario de estilo atribucional ante situaciones negativas [Study of the validity of the Spanish version of Attributional Style Questionnaire for negative situations]. Revista de Psicopatología y Psicología Clínica (Spanish Journal of Clinical Psychology), 18, 61-71.

Sellers, R. & Peterson, C. (1993). Attributional style and coping with controllable events by student-athletes. Cognition and Emotion, 7, 431-441.

Stanton, A., Revenson, T. & Tennen, H. (2007). Health psychology: Psy-chological adjustment to chronic disease. Annual Review of Psychology 58, 565-592.

Sweeney, P. D., Anderson, K. & Bailey, S. (1986). Attributional style in depression: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 50, 974-991.

Voyce, J. (1997). An investigation of the relationships among attributional style, hardiness, gender, and depression as predictors of coping with real life events by chemical dependent inpatients. Dissertation Abstracts International. Section A, 57, 3407.

WHO (2011). Mental health atlas. Geneva: WHO.

Published
25-04-2015
How to Cite
Sanjuan, P., & Magallares, A. (2015). Coping strategies as mediator variables between explanatory styles and depressive symptoms. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(2), 447-451. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.173391
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology