Hay una relación entre estado de ánimo positivo y calidad de vida en enfermos con cancer colorrectal?


  • André Cardoso Louro Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona
  • Jordi Fernández-Castro Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
  • Tomás Blasco Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.160331
Palabras clave: emociones positivas, estado de ánimo positivo, intervenciones psicologicas, calidad de vida, cáncer colorrectal


La investigación ha evidenciado que las emociones positivas pueden mejorar la salud de pacientes con diferentes enfermedades. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar si el estado de ánimo positivo (EAP) está relacionado con la calidad de vida de pacientes con cáncer colorrectal (CRC) y si pueden establecerse directrices para desarrollar intervenciones eficaces que mejoren su calidad de vida. Se lleva a cabo una revisión de artículos publicados entre enero de 2001 y Diciembre de 2011 a partir de las bases de datos Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge, Psycho Inf y Cochrane y las palabras: emociones positivas, EAP, intervenciones psicológicas, indicadores de salud , calidad de vida y cáncer. Los artículos se clasificaron en dos grupos: a) Artículos descriptivos; b) Artículos de intervención. Los resultados de los artículos descriptivos indican que el estado de ánimo positivo está relacionado con mejor estado de salud, mejor funcionamiento social, mayor crecimiento personal, mayor bienestar, y menores niveles de ansiedad y depresión. El EAP aumenta cuando se realizan diferentes actividades. Los resultados de los artículos de intervención sugieren que las intervenciones pueden ser adecuadas para mejorar el EAP de los pacientes. Se proporcionan algunas orientaciones que pueden ser útiles para los pacientes con CRC.


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Cómo citar
Louro, A. C., Fernández-Castro, J., & Blasco, T. (2015). Hay una relación entre estado de ánimo positivo y calidad de vida en enfermos con cancer colorrectal?. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(2), 404–413. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.2.160331
Psicología clínica y de la salud