Relationship between Early Mathematical Competence, Gender and Social Background in Chilean Elementary School Population.

  • Gamal A. Cerda Universidad de Concepción
  • Carlos Pérez Universidad de Concepción
  • Rosario Ortega Universidad de Córdoba
Keywords: Early mathematical competence, social background, gender, initial education.

Abstract

The article describes the levels of early mathematical competence shown by Chilean pre-schoolers and primary students related to relational and numerical competence (N = 1437) that were assessed by means of the Early Mathematical Evaluation Test in its Utrecht version (TEMT-U). The study confirms that there are significant differences concerning early mathematical competence with regard to the academic level and children’s chronological age; however, neither gender nor social backgrounds are relevant in that respect. Results show that social background and gender do not represent an explanatory factor related to mathematical competence in initial schooling levels; the opposite happens in later years, which suggests that perhaps it is the quality of the educational action what makes the difference.

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Author Biographies

Gamal A. Cerda, Universidad de Concepción
Facultad de Educación. Departamento de Metodología de la Investigación e Informática Educativa. Docente
Carlos Pérez, Universidad de Concepción
Facultad de Ciencias Físicas y Matemáticas. Vice Decano, Docente
Rosario Ortega, Universidad de Córdoba
Departamento de Psicología
Published
12-08-2014
How to Cite
Cerda, G. A., Pérez, C., & Ortega, R. (2014). Relationship between Early Mathematical Competence, Gender and Social Background in Chilean Elementary School Population. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(3), 1006-1013. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.3.152891
Section
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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