Development and Validation of the Spanish Version of the Political Skill Inventory

A Measurement Invariance Test

  • Rebeca Cepas González Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Paula Ruiz-Zorrilla Blanco Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Francisco Gil Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Mirko Antino Universidad Complutense de Madrid
Keywords: Inventario de Habilidades Pol`´íticas, Validez, Invarianza de sexo, Fiabilidad temporal


Background: The Political Skills Inventory (PSI) is a measurement tool for assessing four dimensions associated with political skills: social astuteness, interpersonal influence, networking ability and apparent sincerity (Ferris, 2005).

Method: In the present study, multi-sample and multi-method, we developed and analyzed the psychometric properties of the Spanish version of the (PSI), by performing both exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Additionally, a longitudinal reliability test and a sex factorial invariance test were performed.

Results: Cronbach's alpha and omega indices revealed satisfactory reliability and exploratory factor analyses extracted the four original factors as reported in other studies (N = 309). Confirmatory factorial analyses confirmed that the four-factor solution presented the best fit to our data (N = 248).

Conclusions: We add new evidence for time and sex invariance of the measure, showing that the PSI can be considered a stable and valid measure over time and across sex.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahearn, K. K., Ferris, G. R., Hochwarter, W. A., Douglas, C. and Ammeter, A.P. (2004). Leader Political Skill and Team Performance. Journal of Management, 30(3), 309-327.
Blickle, G., Kramer, J., Schneider, P.B., Meurs, J.A., Ferris, G.R., Mierke, J., Witzki, A.H., and Momm, T.D. (2011). Role of political skill in job performance prediction beyond general mental ability and personality in cross-sectional and predictive studies. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 41, 239–265.
Block, P. (2016). The empowered manager: Positive political skills at work. John Wiley & Sons.
Brown, T. A. (2014). Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. Guilford Publications.
Cerny, C.A., and Kaiser, H.F. (1977). A study of a measure of sampling adequacy for factor-analytic correlation matrices. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 12, 43-47.
Cinamon, R. G., and Rich, Y. (2002) Gender Differences in the Importance of Work and Family Roles: Implications for Work–Family Conflict. Sex Roles, 47, pp 531–541.
Coole, D. R. (2006). Expansion and validation of the Political Skill Inventory (PSI): An examination of the link between charisma, political skill, and performance. Presented at the 21st Annual Conference of the Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Dallas.
Cullen, K. L., Gerbasi, A., & Chrobot-Mason, D. (2018). Thriving in central network positions: The role of political skill. Journal of Management, 44(2), 682-706.
De Jong, J. P., and Den Hartog, D. N. (2008). Innovative work behavior: Measurement and validation. EIM Business and Policy Research, 1-27.
Douglas, C., & Ammeter, A. P. (2004). An examination of leader political skill and its effect on ratings of leader effectiveness. The Leadership Quarterly, 15(4), 537-550.
Ferris, G. R., Gavin, M. B., Perrewe, P. L., Hall, A. T., and Frink, D. D. (2007). Political skill as neutralizer of felt accountability—Job tension effects on job performance ratings: A longitudinal investigation. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 102, 226-239.
Ferris, G. R., Treadway, D. A., Kolodinsky, R. W., Hochwarter, W. A., Kacmar, C. J., Douglas, C. and Frink, D. D. (2005). ‘Development and validation of the political skill inventory’. Journal of Management, 31, 126–52.
Ferris, G., Davidson, S., & Perrewe, P. (2005b). Developing political skill at work. Training-New York then Minneapolis then New York, 42(11), 40.
Ferris, G.R., Blickle, G., Schneider, P.B., Kramer, J., Zettler, I., Solga, J., Noethen, D., and Meurs, J.A. (2008). Political skill construct and criterion-related validation: A two-study investigation. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 23, 744–771.
Finney, S. J., & DiStefano, C. (2006). Non-normal and categorical data in structural equation modeling. Structural equation modeling: A second course, 10(6), 269-314.
Grosser, T. J. (2014). The effect of political skill and social network structure on innovation and career success. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. 2014, No. 1, p. 10650). Briarcliff Manor, NY 10510: Academy of Management. Hochwarter, W. A.,
Janssen, O. (2000). Job demands, perceptions of effort-reward fairness, and innovative work behavior, Journal of Occupational and organizational psychology, 73, 287-302.
Jawahar, I. M., Stone, T. H., and Kisamore, J. L. (2007). Role conflict and burnout: The direct and moderating effects of political skill and perceived organizational support on burnout dimensions. International Journal of Stress Management, 14, 142–159.
Kolodinsky, R. W., Hochwarter, W. A., and Ferris, G. R. (2004). Nonlinearity in the relationship between political skill and work outcomes: Convergent evidence from three studies. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 294–308.
Liu, Y., Ferris, G.R., Zinko, R., Perrewe, P.L., Weitz, B., and Xu, J. (2007). Dispositional antecedents and outcomes of political skill in organizations: A four-study investigation with convergence. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 71, 146–165.
Luthans, F., Hodgetts, R. M., and Rosenkrantz, S. A. (1988). Real managers. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger.
Lvina, E., Johns, G., Treadway, D.C., Blickle, G., Liu, Y., Liu, J. and Ferris, G.R. (2012). Measure invariance of the Political Skill Inventory (PSI) across five cultures. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management, 12(2), 171–191.
Mintzberg, H. (1985). The organization as political arena. Journal of management studies, 22(2), 133-154.
Momm, T., Blickle, G., & Liu, Y. (2017). Political skill and emotional cue learning. Personality and Individual Differences, 49(5), 396-401.
Moss, J. A. and Barbuto, Jr, E. (2010). Testing the Relationship Between Interpersonal Political Skills, Altruism, Leadership Success and Effectiveness: A Multilevel Model. Institute of Behavioral and Applied Management, 11.2, 155-174.
Pfeffer, J. (1991). Organization theory and structural perspectives on management. Journal of Management, 17(4), 789-803.
How to Cite
Cepas González, R., Ruiz-Zorrilla Blanco, P., Gil, F., & Antino, M. (2020). Development and Validation of the Spanish Version of the Political Skill Inventory. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(2), 370-377.
Social and Organizational Psychology

Most read articles by the same author(s)