Reconceptualización de la resiliencia en el lugar de trabajo - Una perspectiva interdisciplinar


  • Caroline Rook Henley Business School, Greenlands Campus
  • Lee Smith The Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Anglia Ruskin University
  • James Johnstone The Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Anglia Ruskin University
  • Claire Rossato Department of Life and Sport Sciences, University of Greenwich
  • Guillermo Felipe López Sánchez Universidad de Murcia
  • Arturo Díaz Suárez Universidad de Murcia
  • Justin Roberts The Cambridge Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Anglia Ruskin University
Palabras clave: Resiliencia, individual, lugar de trabajo, salud, interdisciplinar.


Las situaciones estresantes, la presión laboral y los contratiempos son parte de la organización de la vida contemporánea. La naturaleza dinámica de los avances tecnológicos y la globalización del comercio conduce a mayores presiones competitivas y a un cambio constante. Las respuestas de las personas a estas complejas circunstancias son muy diferentes. Algunos se recuperan y se adaptan a los nuevos retos y adversidades, mientras que otros ven su salud seriamente afectada. Aunque la resiliencia es reconocida como un asunto crucial en el lugar de trabajo, la prevalencia de casos de estrés laboral y depresión se ha mantenido constante durante más de diez años. La investigación en resiliencia dentro de la Psicología Aplicada normalmente se ha centrado en el aspecto psicológico del funcionamiento de la persona. Por tanto, los entrenamientos o intervenciones para mejorar la resiliencia se han centrado solo en un área. El objetivo de este artículo es construir una conceptualización comprensiva de la resiliencia en el lugar de trabajo, a fin de ayudar al diseño de intervenciones específicas y desarrollar un modelo para avanzar en el área de investigación en su conjunto. Una comprensión y un enfoque interdisciplinar de la resiliencia individual en el lugar de trabajo permitiría comprender mejor el mecanismo de por qué algunas personas se recuperan de eventos adversos, mientras que el bienestar de otros disminuye. Proponemos un enfoque de la resiliencia que tenga en cuenta aspectos psicológicos (cognitivos y emocionales) y fisiológicos (cardiovasculares, gastrointestinales y metabólicos).


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Cómo citar
Rook, C., Smith, L., Johnstone, J., Rossato, C., López Sánchez, G. F., Díaz Suárez, A., & Roberts, J. (2018). Reconceptualización de la resiliencia en el lugar de trabajo - Una perspectiva interdisciplinar. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 34(2), 332–339.
Psicología social y de las organizaciones