Antecedentes individuales y grupales de satisfacción en el trabajo: un estudio multinivel de laboratorio.


  • Isabel M. Martínez Universitat Jaume I
  • Eva Cifre Universitat Jaume I
Palabras clave: Autoeficacia, cohesión, satisfacción, género, multinivel


Este estudio examina el efecto simultaneo de variables individuales (autoeficacia) y grupales (cohesión y diversidad de género) en la satisfacción. Se llevó a cabo un estudio de laboratorio con 373 estudiantes universitarios distribuidos en 79 pequeños grupos, que llevaron a cabo una tarea durante cinco horas. Se utilizaron dos niveles de análisis mediante Modelos Lineales Jerárquicos. Los resultados muestran el efecto principal de la autoeficacia en la satisfacción (ambos de nivel 1) el efecto transnivel de la cohesión grupal (nivel 2) sobre la satisfacción (nivel 1) y un efecto de interacción entre autoeficacia y diversidad de género en la satisfacción. Estos resultados sugieren que en el trabajo en grupo, la satisfacción tiene antecedentes en variables individuales y grupales. La cohesión grupal y el género tienen un importante efecto en la satisfacción. El artículo concluye con estrategias prácticas y limitaciones y sugerencias para futuras investigaciones.


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Biografía del autor/a

Isabel M. Martínez, Universitat Jaume I

Doctora en Psicología. Profesora Titular de Universidad en el Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva, Educativa, Social y Metodología. Universitat Jaume I. Castellón.

Eva Cifre, Universitat Jaume I

Profesora Titular de Universidad. Departamento de Psicología Evolutiva, Educativa, Social y Metodología


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Cómo citar
Martínez, I. M., & Cifre, E. (2016). Antecedentes individuales y grupales de satisfacción en el trabajo: un estudio multinivel de laboratorio. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(2), 565–570.
Psicología social