A self-report questionnaire on reading-writing difficulties for adults.

  • Almudena Giménez Universidad de Málaga
  • Juan L. Luque Universidad de Málaga
  • Miguel López-Zamora UNED
  • Marina Fernández-Navas
Keywords: Dyslexia, reading-writing difficulties, adults, self-questionnaires


In this paper a self-report questionnaire on reading-writing difficulties for adults in Spanish (ATLAS) is presented. Studies that use self-report questionnaires as a tool for screening of reading-writing difficulties in adults were reviewed. Two studies were carried out to determine the validity and reliability of ATLAS. The first study was aimed to select the critical items and to assess their reliability and discriminability. In the second study the assessment reported through the answers to the questionnaire was contrasted with the results of psychometric tests. Results showed that (a) items were suitable descriptors for adult difficulties, (b) there were significant correlations between self-report scores and reading measures, and (c) the items discriminate between good and poor readers. The results of this study demonstrated that ATLAS is a sensitive tool to screen adults with reading difficulties. As a further advantage, ATLAS is an easy-to-use and time-saving instrument.

Author Biographies

Almudena Giménez, Universidad de Málaga
Pfra. titular. Dpto. Psicología Básica. Facultad de Psicología
Juan L. Luque, Universidad de Málaga
Pfr. Titular. Dpto. Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Facultad de Psicología
Miguel López-Zamora, UNED
Profesor Asociado. Dpto. Psicología Evolutiva y de la Educación. Facultad de Psicología. Málaga.


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How to Cite
Giménez, A., Luque, J. L., López-Zamora, M., & Fernández-Navas, M. (2014). A self-report questionnaire on reading-writing difficulties for adults. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 31(1), 109-119. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.31.1.166671
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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