Effects of the frequency and satisfaction with leisure profile on dementia caregivers distress
The PEAR (pleasant events-activity restriction) model has been proposed as a way of understanding leisure effects on dementia caregivers’ distress. Considering both the PEAR model and the stress and coping model, the purpose of this study was to analyze the potential of both frequency and satisfaction with leisure to explain caregivers’ distress (depression, anxiety and perceived health), risk of institutionalization of the care recipient, caregivers’ stressors and resources variables (rumination and cognitive reappraisal) in 275 caregivers.
The sample was divided in four groups based on caregivers’ scores on frequency and satisfaction with leisure: LFLS = Low frequency + low satisfaction; LFHS = Low frequency and high satisfaction; HFLS = High frequency + low satisfaction; HFHS = High frequency + high satisfaction.
Results indicated that while caregivers from the HFHS group showed a generally more positive profile on resources variables, health outcomes and lower levels of risk of institutionalization compared with the other groups, caregivers from the LFLS group used significantly less adaptive emotional regulation strategies and showed worse consequences on health outcomes.
The results of this study suggest the importance of considering caregivers’ profile on frequency and satisfaction with leisure in order to understand caregiving distress.
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