Emotional intelligence and gender: beyond sex differences.

  • Leire Gartzia Universidad de Deusto
  • Aitor Aritzeta Universidad del País Vasco
  • Nekane Balluerka Universidad del País Vasco
  • Esther Barbera Heredia Universidad de Valencia
Keywords: Gender identity, emotional intelligence, androgyny


Research on gender and Emotional Intelligence (EI) has analysed individual differences in relation to sex and has yielded contradictory results. With the aim of suggesting new proposals in this field of study, the present work analyses the influence of gender identity on EI in a sample of 338 workers. We combined self-report measures (TMMS) and ability based measures (MSCEIT) of Emotional Intelligence. Results indicate that women´s higher acceptance of expressive traits may help to explain their higher scores on EI. Also, results show that androgynous individuals, compared with instrumental and expressive individuals, present higher levels of EI. Taking into account these results, the need to go beyond the “sex differences” approach when analysing EI and to develop less stereotyped gendered identity references is discussed.


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Author Biographies

Leire Gartzia, Universidad de Deusto
Actualmente trabajando como Visiting Scholar Fellow, Northwestern University (Illinois, EEUU)
Aitor Aritzeta, Universidad del País Vasco

Profesor agregado, Departamento de Procesos Psicológicos Básicos y su Desarrollo

Nekane Balluerka, Universidad del País Vasco

Catedrática de Metodología, Departamento de Metodología y Ciencias  del comportamiento

Esther Barbera Heredia, Universidad de Valencia
Catedrática de Psicología, Departamento de Psicología
How to Cite
Gartzia, L., Aritzeta, A., Balluerka, N., & Barbera Heredia, E. (1). Emotional intelligence and gender: beyond sex differences. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 28(2), 567-575. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.28.2.124111
Social and Organizational Psychology