El papel mediador del afecto negativo en la relación entre funcionamiento familiar y felicidad subjetiva en estudiantes universitarios españoles


  • María Dolores Galian Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology. University of Murcia, Murcia (Spain)
  • Ester Ato Department of Developmental and Educational Psychology. University of Murcia, Murcia (Spain) https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6726-8325
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.552001
Palabras clave: Funcionamiento familiar, Afecto negativo, Felicidad subjetiva, Mediación, Cultura española


Estudios previos muestran que el funcionamiento familiar y las características temperamentales del individuo tienen un peso importante en la explicación de su felicidad subjetiva. Sin embargo, el vínculo entre estos factores ha sido escasamente estudiado en la adultez emergente. El objetivo de nuestro trabajo fue explorar el papel mediador del afecto negativo en la relación entre funcionamiento familiar y felicidad en una muestra de 347 estudiantes universitarios españoles. Los análisis mostraron que puntuaciones moderadas en cohesión y flexibilidad familiar se asociaron positivamente a la felicidad subjetiva, al contrario que las puntuaciones extremas de dichas escalas. Por el contrario, el afecto negativo se asoció negativamente con la felicidad. Los análisis SEM mostraron que el afecto negativo medió la relación entre funcionamiento familiar (equilibrado y desequilibrado) y felicidad subjetiva. Con respecto a los patrones familiares disfuncionales, encontramos que el afecto negativo medió la relación entre las escalas de desapego, dependencia y caos, y felicidad. Sin embargo, este patrón mediacional no se observó para la escala de rigidez. Se discuten las implicaciones sociales y clínicas que estos resultados tienen en la promoción de la felicidad subjetiva en la adultez temprana, teniendo en cuenta las creencias culturales españolas sobre funcionamiento familiar y bienestar.


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Cómo citar
Galian, M. D., & Ato, E. (2023). El papel mediador del afecto negativo en la relación entre funcionamiento familiar y felicidad subjetiva en estudiantes universitarios españoles. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 39(2), 239–251. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.552001
Psicología evolutiva y de la educación