SCALES ASSESSING STUDENTS´ MOTIVATIONAL STRATEGIES
AbstractThis paper reports the study of the E.E.M.A. as an instrument to assess the use of different types of learning motivational strategies. There are three types of strategie components: expectancy, value and affect. Expectancy component includes self-concept/self-esteem and expectancies/ attributions scales, which include self-handicapping, selfaffirmation, defensive pessimism, enhacement of the others and elimination of the others strategies, and external attributions generation and positive expectations generation strategies, respectively. Value component includes interest/value and goal generation scales, which include enhacement of the attainment value, cost value, task involvement through resources management, task involvement through its management and learning goal generation, self-enhancing ego goal generation, selfdefeating ego goal generation and avoidance goal generation strategies. Finally, affect component includes an unique scale, which includes social valuation, self-reinforcement, sham, comparison and anxiety control strategies. Reliability and validity results are acceptable, and motivational strategies are characterized as adaptive or maladaptive.
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