Efecto de diferentes intervalos de tiempo de la aplicación de la terapia con diodos emisores de luz sobre la fatiga muscular

Autores/as

  • Mai Raouf Mohamed Rageh
  • Abeer Abdelrahman Yamany
  • Hamada Ahmed Hamada
  • Rania Reda Mohamed
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/sportk.489141
Palabras clave: Diodo emisor de luz; longitud de onda infrarroja; potencia máxima.

Resumen

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo identificar el momento idóneo de aplicación del diodo emisor de luz (LED) del infrarrojo cercano (NIR) en la potencia máxima isocinética de los flexores del codo. Este fue un estudio cruzado prospectivo, aleatorizado, simple-ciego, con pre–test y post-test, y controlado con placebo. Se asignaron al azar cuarenta y cinco no deportistas sanos a 3 grupos por igual: grupos de 5 minutos, 1 hora y 5 horas. Cada grupo (n = 15) tuvo en la primera sesión NIR-LED de 890 nm de longitud de onda, en condiciones activas o placebo, antes del ejercicio que provoca fatiga (5 minutos, 1 hora o 5 horas). Después de un intervalo de 7 días, se aplicó la segunda condición NIR-LED en la segunda sesión. La evaluación de la potencia máxima isocinética se realizó antes y después del ejercicio en cada sesión utilizando un dinamómetro isocinético. No hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos y entre las condiciones en la potencia máxima isocinética (p > 0.05). La potencia máxima isocinética disminuyó significativamente después del tratamiento en comparación con el pretratamiento (p < 0.01) en todos los grupos, pero el grupo de 5 minutos mostró el menor porcentaje de disminución. En conclusión, lo más probable es que NIR-LED pueda resistir la fatiga muscular con los parámetros utilizados en este estudio si se emplea 5 minutos antes del ejercicio.

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Publicado
10-08-2021
Cómo citar
Rageh, M. R. M. ., Yamany, A. A. ., Hamada, H. A. ., & Mohamed, R. R. . (2021). Efecto de diferentes intervalos de tiempo de la aplicación de la terapia con diodos emisores de luz sobre la fatiga muscular. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 10(2), 214–233. https://doi.org/10.6018/sportk.489141
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