Una revisión sistemática del papel del "Big Data Analytics" en la reducción de la influencia de los errores cognitivos en el juicio de auditoría

A systematic review of the role of Big Data Analytics in reducing the influence of cognitive errors on the audit judgement

  • Fawad Ahmad LUISS Guido Carli University, Rome, Italy
Palabras clave: Calidad de la auditoría, Auditores Big4, Ajustes por devengo, Regulación auditora

Resumen

La revisión sistemática de la literatura proporciona la asociación entre los procesos de la memoria, el juicio de los auditores y el proceso de toma de decisiones bajo la influencia de errores cognitivos. Debido a los limitados recursos cognitivos, los auditores no pueden analizar la población de transacciones contables; por lo tanto, utilizan el muestreo y la heurística para el procesamiento de la información. En el contexto de Big Data (BD), los auditores pueden enfrentarse a un problema similar de sobrecarga de información y exhibir errores cognitivos, lo que resulta en la selección y análisis de indicios de información irrelevantes. No obstante, la analítica de Big Data (BDA) puede facilitar el procesamiento de información y el análisis de datos complejos y diversos al reducir la influencia de los errores cognitivos del auditor. El presente estudio adapta el marco de trabajo de Ding et al (2017) en el contexto de la auditoría que identifica las causas de los errores cognitivos que influyen en el procesamiento de la información del auditor. Esta revisión identificó 75 estudios relacionados con la auditoría para elaborar el papel de BD y BDA en la mejora del juicio de auditoría. Además, el papel de la memoria, los errores cognitivos y el juicio y la toma de decisiones se destacan mediante el uso de 61 estudios. El análisis proporciona una visión útil de los diferentes aspectos abiertos de la cuestión proponiendo propuestas y preguntas de estudio que puedan ser exploradas por la investigación futura para obtener una comprensión amplia de la asociación entre la memoria y el juicio de auditoría en el contexto de BD y BDA.

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Publicado
01-07-2019
Cómo citar
Ahmad, F. (2019). Una revisión sistemática del papel del "Big Data Analytics" en la reducción de la influencia de los errores cognitivos en el juicio de auditoría. Revista De Contabilidad - Spanish Accounting Review, 22(2), 187-202. https://doi.org/10.6018/rcsar.382251
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