Influencia de los factores de contingencia en el desarrollo del cuadro de mando integral y su asociación con un rendimiento mejor. El caso de las empresas españolas

Influence of contingency factors in the development of the BSC and its association with better performance. The case of Spanish companies

  • Luis Pérez Granero Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, España Instituto para la Ética en la Comunicación y las Organizaciones (IECO), Valencia, España
  • Manuel Guillén Instituto para la Ética en la Comunicación y las Organizaciones (IECO), Valencia, España Departamento de Dirección de Empresas, Universidad de Valencia, Valencia, España
  • Alexis J. Bañón-Gomis Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia, España Instituto para la Ética en la Comunicación y las Organizaciones (IECO), Valencia, España
Palabras clave: Niveles de cuadro de mando integral, Teoría de la contingencia, Uso de medidas, Beneficios percibidos, Caso español

Resumen

En este trabajo se analiza la relación entre algunos factores de contingencia, el nivel de uso del cuadro de mando integral (CMI) y el beneficio percibido gracias a su aplicación. El CMI es una herramienta capaz de ofrecer a los responsables de las organizaciones una visión completa de cómo a través de la integración de medidas financieras y no financieras se ejecuta la estrategia. Del análisis realizado sobre la base de los datos obtenidos de las sedes centrales de 61 empresas españolas de productos y servicios se deduce que el grado de formalización y estandarización en las empresas tiene una influencia directa y positiva en el desarrollo del CMI hacia niveles más integradores y orientados al valor añadido. Sin embargo, en relación con la influencia de otros factores examinados en esta investigación no se ha encontrado asociación significativa con un mayor desarrollo del CMI en las empresas españolas. Estos resultados contribuyen a complementar los presentados en trabajos previos (Braam y Nijssen, 2011; Cavalluzzo e Ittner, 2004). El documento también señala que el nivel de desarrollo del CMI se asocia con una mejor aplicación de los indicadores para evaluar actividades y mejorar el proceso decisorio. Finalmente, se plantean un conjunto de implicaciones relevantes para la gestión de las empresas.

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Publicado
01-01-2017
Cómo citar
Pérez Granero, L., Guillén, M., & Bañón-Gomis, A. J. (2017). Influencia de los factores de contingencia en el desarrollo del cuadro de mando integral y su asociación con un rendimiento mejor. El caso de las empresas españolas. Revista De Contabilidad - Spanish Accounting Review, 20(1), 82-94. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcsar.2016.07.002
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