• Xaverio Ballester


The Polish linguist M. Kruszewski, a contemporary of Saussure, made a distinction between two basic factors in the life of a language, that is to say, two prevailing kinds of associations: similarity and contiguity. The idea was popularized in the western countries by R. Jacobson, who applied this dichotomy in his studies on Poetics by convincingly arguing that metaphor and metonymy were the rhetoric outcomes of similarity and contiguity respectively, and therefore providing a twofold basic approach to poetry. In this paper, we attempt to show that in order to understand the grammar of poetry, besides poetic illusion (metaphor) and poetic allusion (metonymy), we need at least a third and, maybe, most powerful and efficient factor, namely the elusion (ellipsis).

Biografía del autor/a

Xaverio Ballester
Departamento de Filología Clásica Universidad de Valencia