Written Corrective Feedback: The Practitioners’ Perspective


  • Norman W. Evans
  • K. James Hartshorn
  • Emily Allen Tuioti
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/ijes/2010/2/119191
Keywords: error correction, L2 writing, written corrective feedback


Considerable attention has been given to written corrective feedback (WCF) in second language writing (L2) over the past several decades. One of the central questions has focused on the appropriateness of its use in L2 writing. In these academic discussions, scholars frequently describe how WCF is utilized in the classroom. However, many of these claims of teacher practice have no research base, since few studies have actually asked teachers what place WCF has in their writing classroom (Ferris, et al., in press/2011a; Ferris, et al., in press/2011b; Hyland, 2003; Lee, 2004). This paucity of data from teachers about their WCF practices is problematic. Understanding teacher perspectives on corrective feedback is integral to our understanding the place of WCF in L2 writing pedagogy. Accordingly, this article reports on a study that asks two fundamental research questions: (a) To what extent do current L2 writing teachers provide WCF? and (b) What determines whether or not practitioners choose to provide WCF? These questions were answered by means of an international survey completed by 1,053 L2 writing practitioners in 69 different countries. Results suggest that WCF is commonly practiced in L2 pedagogy by experienced and well-educated L2 practitioners for sound pedagogical reasons.


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How to Cite
Evans, N. W., Hartshorn, K. J., & Allen Tuioti, E. (2010). Written Corrective Feedback: The Practitioners’ Perspective. International Journal of English Studies, 10(2), 47–77. https://doi.org/10.6018/ijes/2010/2/119191
Part II: Empirical studies on feedback in second language writing