Implicaciones de la depresión en la calidad de vida del anciano: estudio seccional

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.485981
Palabras clave: Salud Pública, Salud del Anciano, Salud Mental, Depresión, Atención Primaria de Salud

Resumen

Objetivo: Analizar la asociación entre sintomatología depresiva y calidad de vida de adultos mayores.
Método: Estudio transversal realizado entre julio y octubre de 2020 con 596 personas mayores que respondieron a tres instrumentos: biosociodemográfico, Escala de Depresión Geriátrica y WHOQOL-Old. Los datos se analizaron mediante pruebas de Chi-cuadrado, Kruskal-Wallis, correlación de Spearman y regresión lineal, considerando un intervalo de confianza del 95% (p<0,05).
Resultados: La sintomatología depresiva se asoció de forma negativa y estadísticamente significativa con todas las facetas de la calidad de vida: habilidades sensoriales (β= -1,922 [IC95%= -2,328 – -1,517]); autonomía (β= -2,410 [IC95%= -2,755 – -2,064]); actividades pasadas, presentes y futuras (β= -3,534 [IC95%= -3,879 – -3,189]); participación social (β= -3,436 [IC95%= -3,816 – -3,056]); muerte y morir (β= -2,260 [IC95%= -2,792 – -1,728]) e intimidad (β= -3,547 [IC95%= -3,900 – -3,194]).
Conclusión: La presencia de sintomatologías depresivas se asocia negativamente con la calidad de vida de las personas mayores, por lo que requiere intervenciones en este ámbito.

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Biografía del autor/a

Edison Vitório de Souza Júnior, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo (EERP/USP), Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. 

Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem Fundamental, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil. .

Diego Pires Cruz, Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia (UESB), Jequié, Bahia, Brasil

Universidade Estadual do Sudoeste da Bahia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem e Saúde, Jequié, Bahia, 

Cristiane dos Santos Silva, Universidade Norte do Paraná. Jequié, Bahia, Brasil.

Universidade Norte do Paraná. Jequié, Bahia, Brasil.

Randson Souza Rosa, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. 

Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Faculdade de Medicina, Departamento de Medicina Preventiva e Social, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil. 

Bianca de Moura Peloso-Carvalho, Universidade Federal de Alfenas (UNIFAL), Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brasil.

Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brasil. 

Namie Okino Sawada, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brasil. 

Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem, Alfenas, Minas Gerais, Brasil. 

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Publicado
01-01-2022
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[1]
Souza Júnior, E.V. de, Cruz, D.P., Silva, C. dos S., Rosa, R.S. , Peloso-Carvalho, B. de M. y Sawada, N.O. 2022. Implicaciones de la depresión en la calidad de vida del anciano: estudio seccional . Enfermería Global. 21, 1 (ene. 2022), 433–472. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.485981.
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