Síndrome de burnout, estrés laboral y calidad de vida en trabajadores de enfermería

Palabras clave: Agotamiento profesional, Estrés psicológico, Calidad de vida, Condiciones de trabajo, Enfermería

Resumen

Objetivo: Analizar la ocurrencia del síndrome de Burnout y su relación con el estrés laboral y la calidad de vida entre trabajadores de enfermería.
Método: Se trata de un estudio transversal realizado entre 502 profesionales de enfermería de un hospital general filantrópico de la región sur de Brasil. Los datos se recogieron mediante instrumento con preguntas de caracterización sociodemográfica, ocupacional y de hábitos de vida, el Maslach Burnout Inventory, el Demand-Control-Support Questionnaire y l World Health Organization Quality of Life - Bref.WHOQOL-BREF. Los datos se analizaron por medio de estadística descriptiva e inferencial, en la que se utilizó el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman.
Resultados: La ocurrencia del síndrome de burnout fue del 20,9% y sus dimensiones estaban relacionadas con la alta demanda, el bajo control sobre el trabajo, el poco apoyo social recibido en el trabajo, menores percepciones de la calidad de vida física, psicológica, de las relaciones sociales y del medio ambiente.
Conclusión: El síndrome de Burnout estaba relacionado con altos niveles de estrés y a la percepción negativa de la calidad de vida de los trabajadores de enfermería.

Biografía del autor/a

Viviane Vidotti, Hospital Evangélico de Londrina
Enfermeira. Mestre em Enfermagem. Hospital Evangélico de Londrina, Brasil.
Júlia Trevisan Martins, Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem. Professora do Departamento de Enfermagem da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brasil.
Maria José Quina Galdino, Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
Enfermeira. Mestre em Enfermagem. Professora do Departamento de Enfermagem da Universidade Estadual do Norte do Paraná
Renata Perfeito Ribeiro, Universidade Estadual de Londrina
Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem. Professora do Departamento de Enfermagem da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Brasil.
Maria Lucia do Carmo Cruz Robazzi, Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade São Paulo
Enfermeira. Doutora em Enfermagem. Professora da Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade São Paulo, Brasil. Centro Colaborador da Organização Mundial da Saúde para o Desenvolvimento da Pesquisa em Enfermagem.

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Publicado
09-06-2019
Cómo citar
[1]
Vidotti, V., Martins, J.T., Galdino, M.J.Q., Ribeiro, R.P. y Robazzi, M.L. do C.C. 2019. Síndrome de burnout, estrés laboral y calidad de vida en trabajadores de enfermería. Enfermería Global. 18, 3 (jun. 2019), 344-376. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.3.325961.
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