Modelo Integrador de Mindfulness (MIM): El cultivo de los estados mentales positivos hacia uno mismo y los demás a través del Mindfulness y la autocompasión


  • Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Carlos García-Rubio Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • David Paniagua Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Gustavo García-Diex Nirakara Mindfulness Institute, Madrid
  • Sara de Rivas Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Palabras clave: mindfulness, auto-compasión, bienestar, compasión, intervenciones basadas en mindfulness, mediadores, meditación..


Cada vez son más los estudios que muestran la eficacia de las Intervenciones Basadas en Mindfulness (MBIs) para el cultivo del bienestar. Sin embargo,  son escasos los estudios que indagan en los mecanismos que explican su funcionamiento. El objetivo del presente estudio es presentar y validar el Modelo Integrador de Mindfulness (MIM), que plantea como principal hipótesis que los incrementos en mindfulness rasgo mediante la práctica de la meditación mindfulness lleva a incrementos en autocompasión, y éstos, a su vez, dirigen al incremento de los estados mentales positivos hacia los demás y hacia uno mismo.  Se diseñó una MBI de práctica intensiva de tres semanas de duración con grupo control no aleatorizado. Para el análisis se tuvo en cuenta la experiencia en meditación previa. Los resultados muestran tamaños del efecto grandes para el efecto de la MBI sobre mindfulness rasgo, autocompasión y los estados mentales positivos hacia uno mismo y hacia los demás. Los datos respaldan a su vez el MIM, indicando que la práctica de la meditación mindfulness lleva al cultivo de mindfulness y autocompasión secuencialmente, lo que posteriormente parece llevar al desarrollo de estados mentales positivos hacia los demás y hacia uno mismo.


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Cómo citar
Rodríguez-Carvajal, R., García-Rubio, C., Paniagua, D., García-Diex, G., & de Rivas, S. (2016). Modelo Integrador de Mindfulness (MIM): El cultivo de los estados mentales positivos hacia uno mismo y los demás a través del Mindfulness y la autocompasión. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(3), 749–760.
Tema monográfico: Psicología positiva en España