Mindfulness Integrative Model (MIM): Cultivating positive states of mind towards oneself and the others through mindfulness and self-compassion

  • Raquel Rodríguez-Carvajal Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Carlos García-Rubio Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • David Paniagua Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Gustavo García-Diex Nirakara Mindfulness Institute, Madrid
  • Sara de Rivas Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Keywords: mindfulness, self-compassion, well-being, compassion, Mindfulness-based Intervention (MBI), mediators, meditation.


There are more and more studies showing the effectiveness of Mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) in well-being. However, there are few studies that explore the mechanisms underlying this effect. The aim of this study is to present and validate the Integrative Model of Mindfulness (MIM). MIM main hypothesis is that mindfulness practice leads to an increment in mindfulness trait, which leads to an increase of self-compassion, and these in turn, lead to increase positive mental states towards others and oneself. A MBI intensive three-week with non-randomized controlled group was designed. Participants (N = 87) were differentiated by meditation experience as well. The results show large effect sizes regarding the effect of MBI on mindfulness trait, self-compassion and positive mental states to oneself and to others. The data support the MIM, indicating that the practice of mindfulness meditation leads in a sequentially way to the cultivation of mindfulness and self-compassion, which subsequently appears to lead to the development of positive mental states towards others and oneself.


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How to Cite
Rodríguez-Carvajal, R., García-Rubio, C., Paniagua, D., García-Diex, G., & de Rivas, S. (2016). Mindfulness Integrative Model (MIM): Cultivating positive states of mind towards oneself and the others through mindfulness and self-compassion. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(3), 749-760. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.261681
Monographic theme: Positive Psychology in Spain