Contributions of Psychosomatic Medicine to Clinical and Preventive Medicine

  • Carmen Berrocal Montiel University of Pisa
  • Giovanni Andrea Fava University of Bolonia
  • Nicoletta Sonino University of Padova
Keywords: psychosomatic medicine, biopsychosocial, illness behavior, health care

Abstract

This paper provides an updated review of the main contributions of Psychosomatic Medicine to clinical and preventive medicine. Meta-analyses, comprehensive reviews and controlled studies were selected. Current advances in the field indicate that health care can be improved by using a psychosomatic approach that takes into account psychosocial factors affecting individual vulnerability, the holistic consideration of patient care, and the integration of psychological interventions in medicine. Consolidated evidence in Psychosomatic Medicine provides the ideal background for dealing with new needs emerging in medical practice, including chronic illness management, somatic unexplained symptoms, the shift in the role of patients from health consumers to actively health producers, primary early-life prevention, and the appraisal of health outcomes beyond the biomedical reductionism.

Author Biographies

Carmen Berrocal Montiel, University of Pisa
Associate Professor of Psychology

Departamento de Patología Quirúrgica, Médica, Molecular y del Área Crítica
Giovanni Andrea Fava, University of Bolonia

Full Professor of Psychology

Departamento de Psicologìa

Nicoletta Sonino, University of Padova
Departamento de Ciencias Estadìsticas

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Published
28-07-2016
How to Cite
Berrocal Montiel, C., Fava, G., & Sonino, N. (2016). Contributions of Psychosomatic Medicine to Clinical and Preventive Medicine. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(3), 828-836. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.3.219801
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology