Una revisión de los trastornos disociativos; de la personalidad múltiple al estrés postraumático.

Autores/as

DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.2.218301
Palabras clave: trastornos disociativos, trastorno de personalidad múltiple, trastorno de estrés postraumático, fenómenos disociativos, hipnosis, ideación suicida

Resumen

Este trabajo trata la idea de disociación, los trastornos disociativos y su relación con los procesos de conciencia. Se centra en el trastorno de personalidad múltiple y el trastorno de estrés postraumático, desde la perspectiva del diagnóstico y del tratamiento. Ambos grupos de trastornos polarizan el debate sobre las categorías diagnósticas con síntomas disociativos. Se revisan las ideas sobre disociación, hipnosis y suicidio asociadas a estos trastornos. Parece darse una falta de consenso en cuanto a la naturaleza misma de la disociación con implicaciones teóricas, empíricas y clínicas. Completa esta revisión la comparación desde sus inicios, hace poco más de un siglo, con el panorama actual y las nuevas tendencias en las investigaciones que desde las neurociencias están relacionando los procesos cognitivos con los fenómenos y trastornos disociativos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Modesto J. Romero-López, Dto. Psicología Clínica, Experimental y Social. Universidad de Huelva

Prof. Asociado LOU en el Dto. de Psicología Clínica, Experimental y Social de la Uhu.

Neuropsicólogo Clinico del Servicio de Neuropsicología y Rehabilitación (SEREN) de Huelva.

Citas

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Publicado
03-04-2016
Cómo citar
Romero-López, M. J. (2016). Una revisión de los trastornos disociativos; de la personalidad múltiple al estrés postraumático. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(2), 448-456. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.2.218301
Número
Sección
Psicología clínica y de la salud