Procesos subyacentes más allá de la producción de perspectiva falsa.

Autores/as

  • Antonio L Manzanero Universidad Complutense de Madrid
  • Beatriz López University of Portsmouth
  • Javier Aróztegui Universidad Complutense de Madrid
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.194461
Palabras clave: Memoria autobiográfica, detección de mentira, psicología del testimonio, credibilidad, análisis de contenido, visualización hiperdimensional, escalado multidimensional, holístico

Resumen

El objetivo del presente estudio consistió en determinar si los procedimientos de análisis de contenido basados en las propuestas de Reality Monitoring (RM) pueden aportar información útil para discriminar entre declaraciones verdaderas y falsas. Se pidió a los participantes que describieran un accidente de tráfico desde su papel real de testigo o que lo describieran simulando ser la víctima. Los datos se analizaron en función de la exactitud y calidad de los relatos, y se representaron gráficamente mediante Visualización Hiperdimensional (HDV). En el experimento 1 (inter-sujetos) los relatos de las víctimas simuladas contenían más alusiones a procesos cognitivos, más auto-referencias y menos cambios de orden. En el experimento 2 (intra-sujetos) los relatos de las víctimas simuladas también contenían más alusiones a procesos cognitivos y más auto-referencias, pero además fueron menos exactos y aportaron menos información irrelevante y más juicios y comentarios personales. Los gráficos HDV indican que los relatos falsos difieren holísticamente de los reales.

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Biografía del autor/a

Antonio L Manzanero, Universidad Complutense de Madrid

Profesor titular de universidad. Facultad de Psicología. Universidad Complutense de Madrid.

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Publicado
25-12-2015
Cómo citar
Manzanero, A. L., López, B., & Aróztegui, J. (2015). Procesos subyacentes más allá de la producción de perspectiva falsa. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 256-265. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.194461
Número
Sección
Psicología básica