Entrenamiento de discriminación simple y respuesta de discriminación condicional

Autores/as

  • Vicente Pérez Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
  • Eduardo Polín Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.189471
Palabras clave: Igualación a la muestra, discriminación simple, conducta gobernada por reglas, humanos.

Resumen

La discriminación condicional es un procedimiento cuyo uso está ampliamente extendido en el AEC, especialmente las denominadas “Igualaciones a la Muestra”. Aunque se ha puesto en práctica con una amplia variedad de especies, el comportamiento de humanos con competencias verbales en este tipo de tareas puede involucrar otras variables de control diferentes a las contingencias de cuatro términos programadas. El objetivo de este trabajo fue comprobar si se podían adquirir discriminaciones condicionales aunque las contingencias de refuerzo no involucrasen a la muestra. Participaron 109 alumnos de psicología que fueron distribuidos en tres condiciones. Todos fueron expuestos a dos bloques de entrenamiento (A y B) con una muestra y tres comparaciones, no obstante, en el 75% de los ensayos del bloque B la muestra no funcionaba realmente como un estímulo condicional. Se manipularon la simultaneidad muestra-comparaciones y el requerimiento de respuesta de observación a la muestra, dando lugar a tres condiciones diferentes. Los resultados no mostraron diferencias entre la velocidad de adquisición del bloque A y del B en ninguna condición, lo que apunta a que el comportamiento de los participantes estaba más controlado por la configuración estimular que por las contingencias de reforzamiento.

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Biografía del autor/a

Vicente Pérez, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia

Psicología Básica I, Profesor Contratado Doctor.

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Publicado
25-12-2015
Cómo citar
Pérez, V., & Polín, E. (2015). Entrenamiento de discriminación simple y respuesta de discriminación condicional. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 32(1), 250-255. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.32.1.189471
Número
Sección
Psicología básica