Neuropsychological profile of children with dyslalias: Memory impairment and attentional.

  • Pablo Conde-Guzón Universidad de León. Área de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológicos. Campus de Vegazana. Universidad de León. 24071 León Correo electrónico: pacong@unileon.es FAX: 0034987291145
  • Pilar Quirós-Expósito UNED
  • María J. Conde-Guzón Universidad de León
  • María T. Bartolomé-Albistegui Obra Hospitalaria Nuestra Señora de Regla de León.
Keywords: Attention, kinesthetic, dyslalias, estereognosia, memory, neuropsychological profile

Abstract

In this study we investigate the neuropsychological functioning of children with dyslalias. 34 children with multiple dyslalia (articulatory distortion or substitution of three phonemes: / r /, / l / and / s /) and normal neurological examination. 28 children without speech problems are used as reference group. The neuropsychological profile is estimated using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised (WISC-R) and Luria Neuropsychological Battery-DNI. We found in children with dyslalias: A) The memory profile deteriorated globally in respect to the reference group but are preserved remote memory and the memory of shapes. B) kinesthesia and estereognosia disorders. C) Attentional disorders. We found mnemonic and attentional problems in children with dyslalias similar to those children with language problems secondary to brain damage or affect organs or major psycholinguistic disorders. We consider this neuropsychological profile deteriorated in neurological and psychoeducational counseling, which would justify the treatment and neuropsychological rehabilitation of memory and attention.

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Author Biographies

Pablo Conde-Guzón, Universidad de León. Área de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológicos. Campus de Vegazana. Universidad de León. 24071 León Correo electrónico: pacong@unileon.es FAX: 0034987291145
Area de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos. Profesor
Pilar Quirós-Expósito, UNED
Departamento de Psicología Báslica II
María J. Conde-Guzón, Universidad de León
Area de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamiento Psicológicos
María T. Bartolomé-Albistegui, Obra Hospitalaria Nuestra Señora de Regla de León.
Servicio de Neurología
Published
12-08-2014
How to Cite
Conde-Guzón, P., Quirós-Expósito, P., Conde-Guzón, M. J., & Bartolomé-Albistegui, M. T. (2014). Neuropsychological profile of children with dyslalias: Memory impairment and attentional. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 30(3), 1105-1114. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.30.3.151281
Section
Neuropsychology