Integration and interaction between pharmacological and psycho-logical treatments of addiction: a review
AbstractThe main therapies applied to treat substance abuse or addictions are pharmacotherapy and psychological therapies, with few interventions that combine these two types of therapies. The aim of the present study is to review and to summarize the main results of research devoted to evaluate the effectiveness of the combined action of these therapies, as compared to the effectiveness of each type of treatment administered alone. The results show that the combined application of pharmacological and psychological treatments has a greater therapeutic effect and relapse prevention, thus overcoming some of the limitations of these two types of treatments when administrated alone. span>.
The results showed no significant differences in life quality or severity of psychological adjustment among patients on the basis of drug addiction. The differences appear to be linked to the concomitance of psychopathology on Axis I, because for those who do not have a quality of life higher and better psychological adjustment. This indicates that the presence of Axis I psychopathology, in patients with personality disorders, increases the difficulty associated with treating these patients. In terms of family dynamics has been shown that while the attachment has a negative impact on quality of life of these patients, family resources the better.It seems that the perceived quality of life in patients with personality disorders, drug or mental health consumers, is determined by the concomitant presence of other psychopathology on Axis I. This concomitant should be targeted for therapeutic intervention.
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