Orientaciones de investigación relacionadas con los programas de orientación y asesoramiento: un estudio de análisis de contenido.

Autores/as

  • Hüseyin Uzunboylu Near East university
  • Serdar Özmen Doctoral Student, Near East University, Mersin 10 Turkey. Republic of Turkey Ministry of National Education, Directorate General for Special Education and Guidance Services, Ankara, Turkey.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.422381
Palabras clave: Programas de orientación, Programas de asesoramiento, Programas integrales de orientación y asesoramiento, Plan de estudios de orientación, Programas de orientación de clase, Análisis de contenido

Resumen

Los servicios de orientación y asesoramiento psicológico, que se consideran parte integrante del sistema educativo, se refieren al conjunto de servicios sistemáticos que se ofrecen de acuerdo con un determinado plan y programa. Los programas de orientación y asesoramiento (POA) son de considerable importancia en la prestación de estos servicios basados ​​en datos y pruebas y en la obtención de la eficiencia esperada de los servicios. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar los estudios sobre POA en términos de análisis de contenido, revelar la situación actual y determinar las orientaciones de investigación científica relacionadas con estos estudios. Con este estudio, se pretendía que el personal de campo, los educadores y los investigadores reconocieran los desajustes en el campo de POA, obtengan diferentes perspectivas sobre sus campos de estudio y arrojen luz sobre nuevas investigaciones en este campo. Los datos relacionados con este estudio, que fue diseñado según el modelo de encuesta descriptiva utilizando metodología de investigación cualitativa, se obtuvieron mediante el método de revisión de documentos. En relación con el tema de investigación, se examinaron 105 estudios de tesis de posgrado en la base de datos de tesis y disertaciones de ProQuest entre 2007 y 2019, y 133 artículos de revistas en la base de datos de Web of Science. Los datos obtenidos se evaluaron mediante el método de análisis de contenido descriptivo. Los estudios sobre el tema han aumentado en los últimos años y más de la mitad de las investigaciones se han realizado en Estados Unidos. Se observó que los estudios experimentales se realizaron utilizando la metodología de investigación más cuantitativa, que se puso más énfasis en el proceso de evaluación del programa y que se estudiaron grupos de muestra de diferentes niveles, especialmente orientadores escolares. Además, hay algunos hallazgos que respaldan que hay más estudios sobre programas de intervención y prevención basados ​​en la comunidad que estudios basados ​​en la escuela, y también respaldan el hecho de que las investigaciones relacionadas con la escuela están prestando especial atención a investigar los efectos, las percepciones y experiencias, el diseño y la evaluación del programa. Finalmente, se interpretaron los resultados de los hallazgos de la investigación y se presentaron las recomendaciones para los investigadores.

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Publicado
01-01-2021
Cómo citar
Uzunboylu, H., & Özmen, S. (2021). Orientaciones de investigación relacionadas con los programas de orientación y asesoramiento: un estudio de análisis de contenido. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(1), 88-100. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.422381
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Sección
Psicología evolutiva y de la educación