Enfoque basado en la fortaleza para desarrollar la resiliencia en los escolares: El caso de Gaza


  • Suhayla Said Jalala near east university https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1040-3714
  • Gözde Latifoğlu Near East University / Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi (Nicosia, Turkia)
  • Huseyin Uzunboylu Near East University / Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi (Nicosia, Turkia).
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.343501
Palabras clave: Resiliencia, Enfoque basado en la fortaleza, niños escolarizados, ciudad de Gaza, crisis política


Este documento busca desarrollar un "enfoque proactivo basado en la fortaleza para desarrollar resiliencia en escolares" bajo crisis política para ser utilizado por consejeros dentro de las escuelas de Gaza para avanzar en programas de aprendizaje emocional y social que mejoran la resiliencia y el bienestar de los estudiantes. Se utilizó un enfoque metodológico mixto para recopilar y analizar datos. Los métodos cualitativos incluyeron la recopilación de datos mediante la revisión de la literatura, (12) entrevistas con directores de escuelas y psicólogos y (12) grupos focales con padres, consejeros y maestros. El método cuantitativo incluyó la recolección de datos utilizando (619) cuestionarios autoadministrados por los estudiantes. La población de estudio consistió en todos los estudiantes de grados de educación básica en la ciudad de Gaza. La muestra del estudio fue aleatoria y consistió en (619) estudiantes. El análisis estadístico se utilizó para analizar el cuestionario y el análisis de contenido se utilizó para analizar los datos cualitativos. Los hallazgos obtenidos en este estudio reflejaron que tanto los métodos cualitativos como los cuantitativos resaltaron factores de fortaleza similares que apoyan la construcción de resiliencia entre los escolares de Gaza. Definen la capacidad de los niños para adaptarse y triunfar a pesar de las condiciones difíciles que los rodean, pensamiento positivo infantil, cuidado, crear un ambiente escolar de apoyo, incorporar temas de resiliencia en el currículo, involucrar a los niños en talleres de resiliencia, construir relaciones sólidas entre la escuela y la familia. grupos, y construir buenas relaciones con vecinos y parientes. En conclusión, este estudio es el primer esfuerzo para desarrollar el modelo de CSBPA para consejeros en la ciudad de Gaza y otras ciudades que experimentan inestabilidad política similar para aplicar enfoques efectivos para fomentar el aprendizaje académico, la resiliencia y el bienestar de los escolares.


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Cómo citar
Jalala, S. S., Latifoğlu, G., & Uzunboylu, H. (2020). Enfoque basado en la fortaleza para desarrollar la resiliencia en los escolares: El caso de Gaza. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 36(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.343501