El poder disminuye la soledad por mayor apoyo social: el papel moderador de la exclusión social


DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.411421
Palabras clave: Poder, Apoyo social, Soledad, Exclusion social, Bienestar


En los últimos años, el poder y la soledad son dos temas importantes de investigación en psicología social. Sin embargo, están en ramas separadas de literatura a pesar de la  relación potencial. Para llenar este vacío, esta investigación investiga sistemáticamente cómo, por qué y cuándo el sentido de poder afecta la soledad examinando el efecto principal, el papel mediador del apoyo social percibido y el papel moderador de la exclusión social. En el Estudio 1, 539 participantes en China participaron en un estudio de encuesta, que incluyó la Escala de Sentido de Poder, la Escala de Apoyo Social Percibido y la Escala de Soledad de UCLA. En el Estudio 2, probamos casualmente los efectos principales y moderadores en un experimento controlado utilizando una muestra de los Estados Unidos. Tomados en conjunto, los resultados muestran que: (1) El sentido de poder reduce la soledad. (2) El apoyo social percibido media esta relación, de modo que el poder fortalece el apoyo social percibido y, por lo tanto, disminuye la soledad. (3) La exclusión social modera esta relación, de modo que la función de amortiguamiento del poder es efectiva sólo cuando la exclusión social está ausente.


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Cómo citar
Sun, G., Wang, W., Han, J., Yu, Z., & Li, J. (2021). El poder disminuye la soledad por mayor apoyo social: el papel moderador de la exclusión social. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(3), 549–556. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.411421
Psicología social y de las organizaciones