¿El optimismo media la relación entre los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad y el Estrés Percibido? Un estudio con adolescentes españoles

Autores/as

  • Cristina Serrano "Universidad de Valencia"
  • Paula Martínez Universidad Internacional de Valencia
  • Sergio Murgui Universidad de Valencia
  • Yolanda Andreu Universidad de Valencia
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.400831
Palabras clave: Optimismo, Cinco Grandes, Estrés percibido, Adolescentes, Análisis de mediación

Resumen

Los resultados de investigación han mostrado la existencia de relaciones entre los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad, Optimismo y Estrés Percibido. El objetivo del estudio es explorar, mediante modelos de ecuaciones estructurales, el posible papel mediador que se ha sugerido podría desempeñar Optimismo en esta relación. También,  se explora a través de un análisis multi-grupo la invarianza por sexo de los resultados. Un total de 611 adolescentes españoles completaron de forma anónima los cuestionarios BFQ, LOT-R y PSS. Optimismo se asoció positivamente asociado con los rasgos de personalidad y negativamente con Estrés Percibido. El Estrés se relacionó negativamente con Estabilidad Emocional, Extraversion y Responsabilidad y no mostró asociación alguna con Afabilidad ni con Apertura. Los análisis de mediación revelaron el papel mediador de Optimismo en la relación entre Estabilidad Emocional (mediación parcial), Extraversion y Responsabilidad y Estrés. Estos resultados no variaron por sexo. En conclusión, un perfil básico de personalidad caracterizado por Extraversión, Estabilidad Emocional y Responsabilidad favorecería el desarrollo de expectativas positivas de futuro que representan un predictor proximal de Estrés Percibido. El papel mediador del optimismo puede resultar relevante para el desarrollo de intervenciones focalizadas en reducir los niveles de estrés y, consecuentemente, mejorar el ajuste del adolescente.

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Biografía del autor/a

Cristina Serrano, "Universidad de Valencia"

Departamento de Personalidad, Evaluación y Tratamientos Psicológicos.

Citas

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Publicado
01-01-2021
Cómo citar
Serrano, C., Martínez, P., Murgui, S., & Andreu, Y. (2021). ¿El optimismo media la relación entre los Cinco Grandes factores de personalidad y el Estrés Percibido? Un estudio con adolescentes españoles. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(1), 114-120. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.400831
Número
Sección
Psicología y adolescencia