La influencia del apego sobre el bienestar en la juventud : el rol mediador de la regulación emocional

Autores/as

  • Estefanía Mónaco University of Valencia (Spain)
  • Usue de la Barrera University of Valencia (Spain)
  • Inmaculada Montoya-Castilla University of Valencia (Spain)
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.345421
Palabras clave: Apego, Reguación emocional, Bienestar, Jóvenes

Resumen

Las personas construyen y mantienen vínculos emocionales a lo largo de todo su desarrollo vital. El modo de vincularse, es decir, el estilo de apego, es consecuencia de los modelos mentales de relación construidos durante las experiencias afectivas. Los individuos con apego inseguro informan de elevada ansiedad y/o elevada evitación al establecer relaciones interpersonales. Estas personas podrían beneficiarse especialmente del aprendizaje de estrategias adecuadas para regular sus emociones, y así, aumentar su grado de bienestar. El objetivo del presente trabajo es estudiar la relación entre el apego y el bienestar subjetivo en jóvenes españoles, contemplando la regulación emocional como variable mediadora. Participaron 126 jóvenes (61.9% mujeres) entre 19 y 26 años (Medad= 24.16; DTedad= 3.54). Se utilizó el cuestionario Experiencias en Relaciones Íntimas (ECR-S), la Escala Española de Meta-Estado de Ánimo (TMMS-24), la Escala de Satisfacción con la Vida (SWLS) y la Escala de Experiencias Positivas y Negativas (SPANE). Se realizaron análisis de correlación y de mediación mediante SPSS versión 24.0 y PROCESS. Los resultados indican que la regulación emocional media la relación entre la ansiedad de vinculación y el bienestar. La evitación de la intimidad no se relaciona con la regulación emocional ni con el bienestar. Se pone de manifiesto la importancia de potenciar el bienestar en la juventud a través de la educación emocional, especialmente en aquellos jóvenes con rasgos ansiosos en su estilo de apego.

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Publicado
01-01-2021
Cómo citar
Mónaco, E., de la Barrera, U., & Montoya-Castilla, I. (2021). La influencia del apego sobre el bienestar en la juventud : el rol mediador de la regulación emocional. Anales de Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 37(1), 21-27. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.345421
Número
Sección
Psicología clínica y de la salud

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