The evaluation of candidates in a personnel selection: Preference for experience over potential in unfavorable contexts

  • Borja Paredes Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
  • Samuel Del Olmo Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • David Santos Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
  • Beatriz Gandarillas Universidad Francisco de Vitoria
  • Pablo Briñol Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Keywords: uncertainty, potential, experience, selection, attitudes

Abstract

The present research´s main goal is to examine the evaluation of a job candidate as a function of his profile and the context of the organization. An experiment was conducted with a sample of participants trained in personnel selection. Participants first received a message describing that the future of a given organization was favorable or unfavorable. Then, all participants were asked to read the information about a potential job candidate for such organization. The candidate was described in terms of his previous experience or in terms of his potential as a professional. After receiving the information about the organization and the profile, all participants were asked to evaluate the job candidate. We expected that there would be a higher preference for experience relative to potential, particularly when the context was unfavorable. As predicted, results showed that under unfavorable contextual conditions, attitudes towards the candidate were more favorable when the job candidate was portrayed in terms of experience (vs potential). Under favorable contextual conditions, attitudes towards the candidate did not vary as a function of his profile.

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Published
02-08-2019
How to Cite
Paredes, B., Del Olmo, S., Santos, D., Gandarillas, B., & Briñol, P. (2019). The evaluation of candidates in a personnel selection: Preference for experience over potential in unfavorable contexts. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(3), 514-520. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.3.334771
Section
Social and Organizational Psychology

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