The PID -5 Inventory: the dimensional profile of DSM5 to guide diagnosis and therapeutic needs in personality disorders.

  • Juan-F. Torres-Soto Mental Health Day Hospital of San Juan
  • Francisco-J. Moya-Faz Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM
  • Cesar-A. Giner-Alegría Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM
  • Maria-A. Oliveras-Valenzuela Miguel Hernández University, Elche
Keywords: PID-5, DSM5, Dimensional, Trastorno Personalidad

Abstract

The PID-5 Inventory of the American Psychiatric Association evaluates personality and related disorders based on the dimensional trait model (DSM-5 Section III), which guides individual diagnosis and therapeutic needs. We analysed its usefulness as it was applied to patients that had been referred to a Day Hospital for Personality Disorders. In the sample of 85 subjects, 51 % had Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and 47 % had Personality Disorder NOS or Mixed (PD-NOS/MP), 65 % presenting comorbid clinical disorders. Among the BPD group, 89 % were women, 53 % were under 30 years old; they presented a PID-5 profile of greater severity, the Negative Affect and Disinhibition Domains stood out, as well as the facets of depression, impulsivity, anhedonia and distraction. Their borderline symptoms (BEST scale) were of greater intensity, they used fewer symptom coping strategies and more avoidance strategies (COPE-28 inventory). Among the PD-NOS/MP group, 58 % are women, 80 % were aged over 30 years, and negative affectivity, especially anxiety, stood out in their PID-5 profile. Both groups show borderline and avoidant features in the IPDE screening. The PID-5 was useful for confirming specific diagnoses (BPD), for describing the trait profile as well as proposing the specific therapeutic needs of both BPD and PD-NOS/MP patients.

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Author Biographies

Juan-F. Torres-Soto, Mental Health Day Hospital of San Juan
Clinical Psychologist, Mental Health Day Hospital of San Juan. Doctoral Student Health Sciences Department. Health Sciences Faculty. Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM
Francisco-J. Moya-Faz, Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM
Director of the Psychogeriatric Chair. Department of Health Sciences. Health Sciences Faculty. Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM
Cesar-A. Giner-Alegría, Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM
Doctor. Professor Department of Health Sciences. Health Sciences Faculty. Catholic University of Murcia-UCAM

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Published
24-12-2018
How to Cite
Torres-Soto, J.-F., Moya-Faz, F.-J., Giner-Alegría, C.-A., & Oliveras-Valenzuela, M.-A. (2018). The PID -5 Inventory: the dimensional profile of DSM5 to guide diagnosis and therapeutic needs in personality disorders. Anales De Psicología / Annals of Psychology, 35(1), 47-57. https://doi.org/10.6018/analesps.35.1.333191
Section
Clinical and Health Psychology