Dolor postoperatorio en mujeres sometidas a cesárea

Natalia Carvalho Borges, Brunna Costa e Silva, Charlise Fortunato Pedroso, Thuany Cavalcante Silva, Bruna Silva Ferreira Tatagiba, Lílian Varanda Pereira

Resumen


Objetivo: Estimar la incidencia, intensidad y calidad del dolor postoperatorio en mujeres sometidas a cesárea.
Método: Estudio de corte transversal. Fueron entrevistadas 1062 mujeres sometidas a cesárea en el periodo pre y post cirurgía inmediatos. La intensidad del dolor y la calidad fueron evaluadas por la Escala Numérica del Dolor (0-10) y el Test de Dolor de McGill. Las variables se analizaron utilizando medidas descriptivas y la incidencia de dolor postoperatorio calculado con un Intervalo de Confianza del 95%.
Resultados: La incidencia de dolor fue del 92,7% (IC 95%: 90,9 - 94,2) y las puntuaciones de intensidad media en el momento de peor dolor, igual a 6,6 (dp=2,2) . Los descriptores más frecuentes escogidos fueron "dolorida" (91,6%), "dolorida a la palpación" (70,0%) y "palpitante" (56,1%). Conclusiones: El dolor postoperatorio de alta intensidad es una realidad en este grupo, señalando la importancia de la evaluación del dolor para la ejecución de las acciones curativas y preventivas para reducir las pérdidas en la recuperación de las mujeres


Palabras clave


Dolor; Dolor Posoperatorio; Cesariana

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.16.4.267721