Pervasive learning and its impact on cognitive development and learning of freestyle swimming skills in sports sciences students


  • Intisar Ahmed Othman College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Basrah University, Basra, Iraq
Palabras clave: Pervasive learning, Freestyle swimming, Students


The spread of the electronic system of knowledge among students and universities has led to the emergence of new forms of educational systems called pervasive learning. This is an educational system that uses wireless computer and telecommunications techniques, portable devices, and teaching techniques in an educational and training context and is an advanced system for the mobile learning system. The aim of this study was to prepare educational units with pervasive learning model to teach the basic skills of free swimming and also to identify the effect of pervasive learning model in learning free swimming skills. The researcher used the experimental study design. The research sample consisted of 20 students of the Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Sciences of Al Basrah University. The students were divided into two groups (10 students for the control group and 10 students for the experimental group). To achieve the objectives of the study, 5 tests about free swimming skills were performed. In order to analyze the data, T-test was used to analyze the differences between control and experimental groups for all free swimming skills tests. The results showed that there are statistically significant differences between the control and experimental groups in all free swimming skills tests, in favor of the experimental group (p<0.05). Through this study, it has been revealed that the educational units that used the pervasive learning model had a positive impact on the development of basic skills in free swimming.


Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.


Abdel-Jabbar, Q. N., & Ahmed, B. (1984). The tests and principles of statistics in the sports field. Baghdad University Press.

Hamid, S. M. (2011). Effect of computer use as a means of learning to learn the free swimming skill. Master’s Thesis, Anbar University.

Jeong, J. S., Kim, M., Park, C., Yoo, J. S., & Yoo, K. H. (2010). Flexible pervasive learning management system adapted to learning context. UNESST 2010: Springer. Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany.

Lee, H. (2013). Conjoint analysis for mobile devices for ubiquitous learning in higher education: The Korean case. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 12(1), 45-51.‏

Mohamed, A. (2009). Means and techniques of education (2) concepts – innovations – applications. Riyadh: Dar Al-Rashed.

Ragheb, M. A. (2015). Learning Workshop. The Fourth International Conference on Electronic Learning and Distance Education.

Salary, O. K. (1999). Swimming teaching. Cairo: Dar Al Fakr Arab.

Srilaphat, E., & Jantakoon, T. (2019). Ubiquitous Flipped Classroom Instructional Model with Learning Process of Scientific to Enhance Problem-Solving Skills for Higher Education (UFC-PS Model). Higher Education Studies, 9(1), 76-85.

Tahir, Z. M., Haron, H., & Kaur, J. (2018). Ubiquitous learning environment and technologies: A review. International Journal of Engineering and Technology, 7, 31-35.

Zaher, S. S. (2012). Teachers and secondary teachers towards the use of mobile phone technology in the educational process in the city of sports. Master’s Thesis, Arab East Colleges for Graduate Studies.

Cómo citar
Othman, I. A. . (2022). Pervasive learning and its impact on cognitive development and learning of freestyle swimming skills in sports sciences students . SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 11, 26.