El papel del ejercicio y la actividad física en las enfermedades relacionadas con el envejecimiento y los síndromes geriátricos


  • Mehdi Kushkestani
  • Mohsen Parvani
  • Mahmood Ghafari
  • Zahra Avazpoor
DOI: https://doi.org/10.6018/sportk.464401
Palabras clave: Envejecimiento, Enfermedades cardiovasculares, Ejercicio, Síndrome geriátrico, Hipertensión, Actividad física


El envejecimiento es un proceso complejo de cambios fisiológicos y sociales que conduce a diversas enfermedades. El número de personas de edad avanzada en el mundo está aumentando drásticamente y cabe señalar que el rápido envejecimiento de la población representa una importante carga para la salud pública. Por otro lado, es necesario brindar un enfoque adecuado y de bajo costo para controlar y prevenir complicaciones como enfermedades crónicas, disfunción física y síndrome geriátrico. Además, numerosos estudios han demostrado que la participación en la actividad física y el entrenamiento físico reduce la incidencia de disfunciones, enfermedades cardiovasculares y metabólicas, así como la tasa de muerte prematura en los adultos mayores. Después de muchas observaciones precisas sobre el papel del ejercicio en los artículos sobre enfermedades relacionadas con el envejecimiento y síndromes geriátricos, los beneficios del ejercicio y la actividad física en los adultos mayores serán más tangibles. Por lo tanto, el primer propósito de la presente revisión fue investigar los mecanismos de actividad física y ejercicios que están involucrados en la prevención de enfermedades relacionadas con el envejecimiento y síndrome geriátrico utilizando la evidencia actual (de 2015 en adelante). Además, el propósito de este estudio fue proporcionar una guía de ejercicio (entrenamiento aeróbico y de resistencia) basada en evidencia reciente (de 2015 en adelante).


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Cómo citar
Kushkestani, M. ., Parvani, M., Ghafari, M. ., & Avazpoor, Z. . (2022). El papel del ejercicio y la actividad física en las enfermedades relacionadas con el envejecimiento y los síndromes geriátricos. SPORT TK-Revista EuroAmericana de Ciencias del Deporte, 11, 6. https://doi.org/10.6018/sportk.464401