Efectos de un programa de estiramientos FNP sobre el salto y la flexibilidad en jugadores profesionales de fútbol sala

  • D. Villarejo
  • JD. Belmonte
  • A. Cejudo
  • JLL. Elvira
Palabras clave: rango de movimiento, rendimiento, facilitación neuromuscular propioceptiva, deporte

Resumen

El objetivo de este estudio fue comprobar los efectos de un programa de estiramiento con la técnica contracción-relajación-agonista-contracción (CRAC) sobre la capacidad de salto (CS) y el rango de movimiento (ROM). Un total de 21 jugadores de élite de fútbol sala participaron en el presente trabajo. Los participantes fueron asignados a un grupo control (GC) y a un grupo experimental (GE) según su CS. Antes y después de la intervención se midió la CS y el ROM de flexión de cadera con la rodilla extendida (FCRE) y dorsi-flexión de tobillo (DFTRE). Para la medición del CS y del ROM se utilizó una plataforma de contacto y un inclinómetro ISOMED, respectivamente. El GE realizó un programa de estiramientos en los isquiosurales y tríceps sural durante 4 semanas con una frecuencia semanal de 5 días. Los jugadores aumento significativamente el ROM FCRE (p = 0,02) con efecto fuerte (hp2 = 0,730) y ROM DFTRE (p = 0,01) con efecto moderado (hp2 = 0,546), de los valores de CMJ (p = 0,03) con efecto fuerte (hp2 = 0,650) y de los valores de índice de aprovechamiento de la capacidad elástica [IACE] (p = 0,04) con efecto fuerte (hp2 = 0,742) en el GE después de los estiramientos. Los jugadores del GC aumentaron significativamente el rendimiento en el CMJ (p = 0,02) con efecto moderado (hp2 = 0,519) e IACE (p = 0,04) con efecto moderado (hp2 = 0,548); además, se observaron diferencias significativas en los valores de IACE (p = 0,02) entre ambos grupos. Los resultados de este estudio permiten concluir que un periodo de entrenamiento con el método CRAC mejora el ROM y la CS en jugadores profesionales de fútbol sala.

Citas

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Publicado
28-07-2019
Sección
Artículos en español