Romantic Strife: The First Carlist War (1833–1840) in British Fiction


Keywords: Anglo-Spanish relations, Carlism, First Carlist War, Representations of Spain, Imagology


British volunteers fought on both sides of the First Carlist War (1833–1840), the dynastic struggle between the liberal factions that championed Isabella II and the reactionary forces that supported Don Carlos’s claim to the Spanish throne. Despite British intervention, the conflict did not arouse as much interest in Britain as the Peninsular War (1808–1814), but it served as the setting for several English literary works that reconstructed it from different perspectives. These fictional texts include George Ryder’s Los Arcos (1845), Frederick Hardman’s The Student of Salamanca (1845–1846), and Edward Augustus Milman’s The Wayside Cross; or, the Raid of Gomez (1847). This paper analyses these texts focusing on their representations of Spain and the First Carlist War and shows that they mostly ignore British intervention in the conflict and perpetuate the romantic image of Spain that had emerged in Britain during the Peninsular War.


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How to Cite
Medina Calzada, S. (2022). Romantic Strife: The First Carlist War (1833–1840) in British Fiction. International Journal of English Studies, 22(2), 1–15.