Estrés y depresión en docentes de una institución pública de enseñanza

  • Louise Tatiana Mendes Rodrigues Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7472-5213
  • Eliana Campêlo Lago Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI e Universidade Estadual do Maranhão - UEMA http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6766-8492
  • Camila Aparecida Pinheiro Landim Almeida Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI
  • Ivonizete Pires Ribeiro Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI
  • Gerardo Vasconcelos Mesquita Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI
Palabras clave: Estrés Psicológico, Depresión, Profesores

Resumen

Objetivos: Analizar la presencia de estrés y signos indicativos de depresión en docentes de una institución pública de enseñanza.
Material y Métodos: Estudio analítico, realizado con 163 docentes de una institución pública de enseñanza. Se aplicó Escala de estrés percibido-EEP e inventario de depresión de Beck-IDB.
Resultados: De los 163 participantes, 108 (66,3%) eran del género masculino, 64 (39,3%) con rango de edad de 30 a 39 años, 79 (48,5%) tenían una renta salarial de más de 15 salarios (en el caso de las mujeres). La mayoría presentó título de maestro, 84 (51,5%). Se identificaron niveles mínimos de estrés en hombres, 73 (67,0%) y 34 (63,0%) en mujeres. 87 (79,8%) mujeres y 35 (64,8%) hombres presentaron un nivel de depresión mínima. Hubo diferencias significativas en los escores de estrés y depresión entre los sexos. Se observó una correlación positiva moderada entre las escalas.
Conclusión: Los docentes con niveles mínimo y leve están sujetos a presentar estrés y depresión, mereciendo atención por parte de las instituciones.

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Biografía del autor/a

Eliana Campêlo Lago, Centro Universitário UNINOVAFAPI e Universidade Estadual do Maranhão - UEMA

Doutora em Biotecnologia, Coordenadora do Programa de Mestrado Profissional em Saúde da Família.do Centro Universitário -UNINOVAFAPI e Professora da Universidade Estadual do Maranhão-UEMA.

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Publicado
20-12-2019
Cómo citar
[1]
Mendes Rodrigues, L.T., Lago, E.C., Pinheiro Landim Almeida, C.A., Pires Ribeiro, I. y Vasconcelos Mesquita, G. 2019. Estrés y depresión en docentes de una institución pública de enseñanza. Enfermería Global. 19, 1 (dic. 2019), 209-242. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.19.1.383201.
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