Efecto de la intervención educativa en el postoperatorio de personas con estomias intestinales de eliminación: revisión sistemática

Palabras clave: ostomy, patient education as topic, postoperative period, nursing

Resumen

Objetivo: Identificar la efectividad de la intervención educativa em el postoperatorio de personas con estomias intestinales de eliminación.
Método: Revisión sistemática de la literatura registrada en el PRÓSPERO: 42018094601 y realizada en abril de 2018, en las bases MEDLINE, Web of Science, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Cochrane, LILACS y BDENF vía Biblioteca Virtual em Salud (BVS), además de las listas de referencia de los artículos seleccionados para encontrar literatura relevante adicional. Se incluyen artículos con diseño experimental (por ejemplo, estudios no controlados, estudios controlados y ensayos clínicos randomizados y controlados) y cuasi-experimental, sin restricción de idioma y tiempo.
Resultados: Se seleccionaron 6 estudios y el tipo de intervención educativa más prevalente fue la educación estándar para el grupo de control y educación estándar más acompañamiento telefónico para el grupo experimental. La mayoría de los participantes tenía edad a partir de 50 años y el tiempo de duración de las intervenciones educativas varió de 3 a 6 semanas.
Conclusión: Se verificó efecto positivo de la intervención educativa en el postoperatorio de personas con estomias intestinales de eliminación en los aspectos: conocimiento, satisfacción, tiempo de internación, aspectos físicos, mentales y sociales, calidad de vida, conocimiento sobre prácticas de autocuidado con alimentación y estomia, ajuste a la estomia y complicaciones.

 

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Biografía del autor/a

Maria do Carmo Campos Pereira, Universidade Federal do Piauí

Mestranda em Ciências e Saúde pela Universidade Federal do Piauí

José Diego Marques Santos, University of Saskatchewan.

3 Mestrando, Departament of community Health and Epidemiology, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan.

Raylane da Silva Machado, Universidade Federal do Piauí-UFPI

Doutoranda em enfermagem, professora efetiva do Instituto Federal do Permanmbuco- IFPE.

Lidya Tolstenko Nogueira, Universidade Federal do Piauí-

Doutora, professora efetiva do curso de enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Piauí-UFPI.

Elaine Maria Leite Rangel Andrade, Universidade Federal do Piauí-UFPI

Doutora, professora efetiva  do curso de enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Piauí-UFPI

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Publicado
22-12-2019
Cómo citar
[1]
Monteiro, A.K. da C., Pereira, M. do C.C., Santos, J.D.M., Machado, R. da S., Nogueira, L.T. y Andrade, E.M.L.R. 2019. Efecto de la intervención educativa en el postoperatorio de personas con estomias intestinales de eliminación: revisión sistemática. Enfermería Global. 19, 1 (dic. 2019), 648-690. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.19.1.368501.
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