El conocimiento de los adolescentes escolarizados sobre el virus del papiloma humano: revisión integrativa

  • Polliana Lúcio Lacerda Pinheiro Centro Universitário Una
  • Matilde Meire Miranda Cadete Doutora em Enfermagem e Mestre em Enfermagem Pediátrica, Professora do Programa de Pós-Graduação, stricto sensu, Profissional em Gestão Social, Educação e Desenvolvimento Local pelo Centro Universitário Una de Belo Horizonte-MG.
Palabras clave: Adolescente, Sexualidad, Virus papiloma humano Educación Desarrollo local

Resumen

Objetivo: Analizar las evidencias encontradas en la literatura científica acerca del virus papiloma humano para la vida sexual y reproductiva del adolescente.
Método: Revisión integradora de la literatura mediante la búsqueda de publicaciones en los periódicos indexados en las bases de datos de SciELO, MEDLINE y LILACS.
Resultados / Discusión: La muestra final del estudio está constituida de 27 artículos con predominio de los estudios que abordaban adolescencia y virus papiloma humano (37%), seguido de los estudios sobre adolescentes y sexualidad (33%). La mayoría de los estudios ha sido realizada en el continente americano (56%) seguido del continente europeo (22%), evidenciando el nivel deficitario de conocimiento de los adolescentes sobre la transmisión, prevención, rastreo y oncogenicidad del virus papiloma humano en distintas regiones, siendo mayor el conocimiento entre chicas, chicos homosexuales y entre la población vacunada, lo que ha revelado la importancia de la educación. Conclusión: Esta revisión ha mostrado que las acciones que posibilitan el cambio en el escenario actual son fundamentales para mejorar la educación, concienciación, reflexión sobre los riesgos y la promoción de la salud de los adolescentes, construyendo una red de nuevos significados y comportamientos para sus vidas.

Citas

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Publicado
23-09-2019
Cómo citar
[1]
Pinheiro, P.L.L. y Miranda Cadete, M.M. 2019. El conocimiento de los adolescentes escolarizados sobre el virus del papiloma humano: revisión integrativa. Enfermería Global. 18, 4 (sep. 2019), 603-663. DOI:https://doi.org/10.6018/eglobal.18.4.362881.
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